Here we address interesting and important issues affecting the delivery of medical care and related topics.
We cover additional, related issues and discuss them in more depth on our blog.
November 23, 2020
A Mississippi doctor on trial in federal court for his alleged role in a health insurance fraud scheme has been acquitted on most of the charges against him. The jury deadlocked on the last one. The doctor was accused of writing unnecessary prescriptions for expensive compounded medicines in return for kickbacks from the pharmacies that prepared the medicines and delivered the prescriptions. The doctor contended his signature on the many prescriptions was a forgery. Guess the jury bought it. The scheme is a real one and a number of participants have already pleaded guilty.
November 17, 2020
Medical researchers are reporting what they refer to as a “breakthrough” in the understanding of Covid infections. One of the major mysteries of Covid infections has been why some people do so much worse than others. Researchers have discovered that many male patients who developed life-threatening infections have autoimmune antibodies, which disable key immune system proteins called interferons. More study is needed but if this finding is supported by more research, interferon therapy to replace the disabled proteins may be a significant form of treatment. Stay tuned.
November 10, 2020
I have warned in the past about doctors, or those who claim to be doctors, taking advantage of the Covid pandemic to fleece the public. When people are afraid and there is money to be made, there is always someone ready to try and make an extra buck. Today’s New York Times has a story about a doctor in Westchester County outside New York City who performed Covid testing but charged insurance companies thousands of dollars for the testing. Without telling the patients, he used their samples to test for a wide variety of other viruses and billed the insurance companies for each of them. He even charged one patient’s insurer $480 for the phone call notifying her of her test results. The doctor is not only unrepentant, he is angry that some insurance companies have the nerve to refuse to pay. Be careful out there.
November 9, 2020
Fantastic news on the Covid front. Pfizer has announced that its vaccine shows 90% effectiveness in preventing infections. A few weeks ago, Dr. Fauci said that we should be happy if we could get one that was 50-60% effective. By the end of the month, Pfizer expects to be in a position to request emergency approval from the FDA. It expects to have 1.5 million doses ready for distribution by the end of the year. Keep your fingers crossed.
November 2, 2020
Medicare has announced its annual list of hospitals that will receive reduced payments because too many of their Medicare patients have been readmitted after being discharged. About half the hospitals in the country that are not exempt have readmitted too many patients and will receive reductions. Hospitals which are the only hospitals in an area are deemed critical and are exempted from the program. For example, here in Arizona, most of the hospitals on indian reservations are exempt. Here is a list of the hospitals of Arizona showing who is exempt and who has received a penalty. The larger the number in the box for a given year, the larger the penalty. Larger penalties result from more readmissions. The rate of readmission is widely considered to be a measure of the quality of care at a hospital.
October 29, 2020
The FBI is warning hospitals and other health care providers that Russian speaking criminals are making ransomware attacks and that they need to take precautions. Six hospitals have been attacked so far this week. In a ransomware attack, the criminal hacks into the victim’s computer network and installs malware which encrypts all of the data on the system, making it inaccessible to the victim. The criminal then offers to restore the system to function in return for payment of a ransom. Most victims pay and the criminals usually keep their word to unlock the system. Very scary.
October 27, 2020
More evidence that antibodies to Covid-19 weaken over time giving more support to the theory that infection with the virus does not provide lasting protection. A study from England that has not been peer reviewed showed rapid weakening of the Covid-19 antibodies over just three months. They dropped most quickly in the over-75 population and least quickly in the 18-24 age group. Additionally, those with the fewest symptoms had fewer antibodies and lost them soonest. The results of the study are a blow to those who were hoping for some sort of herd immunity to develop over time. The Covid-19 may be like the seasonal flu; you can get it year after year.
October 26, 2020
If you are looking for an investment, consider stock in companies that make, sell or administer Botox. According to an article in this morning’s Wall Street Journal, the use of Botox is increasing, especially in Brazil, in response to the Coronavirus pandemic. It seems that the use of masks has concentrated attention on the eyes and the forehead so people want those areas to be wrinkle free. Similarly, the regular use of Zoom meetings has caused many people to think about how they look on camera and to take steps to improve their appearances. The pandemic won’t be over any time soon so there may be money to be made.
October 22, 2020
In some good news on the Covid front, new polling finds more Americans wearing face masks when outside the home and not able to socially distance. While there are still substantial differences among our citizens, often based on political party, mask wearing across the board is up.
October 20, 2020
There is a new procedure being performed on knees which have cartilage damage that typically leads to the need for a knee replacement. It is a two-step procedure in which the patient’s own knee cartilage cells are harvested during the first step and then replaced in the second step after being grown on a matrix. To allow the new cartilage to take hold and grow, the patient must remain bedridden for 6 weeks after the second procedure. Full activity requires a year of gradual recuperation. The procedure shows promise in the future for other joints, such as hips, shoulders and ankles.
October 19, 2020
Here is a good piece on the myths associated with vitamins and supplements. Everyone wants to be healthy, to live a long life and to look like those models in the advertisements. The sellers of vitamins and supplements know this and tailor their ads accordingly. All is not as it seems.
October 16, 2020
In 2017 and 2018 a nursing assistant at the VA hospital in Clarksburg, West Virginia, injected seven of her patients with fatal doses of insulin. Although she has admitted her guilt, she has not offered an explanation for her behavior. Needless to say, the families of the dead veterans have filed malpractice suits against the federal government for the care their loved ones received from the VA. Now come reports that 6 of the 7 cases arising from this tragedy have been settled. The final one will probably settle soon. Hospitals, and VA hospitals in particular, are dangerous enough without the staff actively trying to kill the patients.
October 15, 2020
Our increasingly germ-free environment may be bad news for our immune systems. Those immune systems evolved over the millenia to protect us from a very germy environment. In our somewhat antiseptic world, our immune systems with nothing much to do have turned to attacking our own bodies. Autoimmune diseases are on the rise and their increased prevalence is blamed by some on diminished exposure to germs and other threats.
A small study in Finland brought forest soil and vegetation to preschool playgrounds. The children exposed to the forest soil had increased diversity of skin bacteria and gut microbes than children not exposed. These were perceived as beneficial changes. Those exposed also had more anti-inflammatory proteins and fewer inflammatory ones. Inflammation is a form of immune response which is believed to be harmful to the body. Bottom line, let you children play in the dirt.
October 14, 2020
The Coronavirus pandemic has affected us in many different and sometimes surprising ways. One of the changes has been the increase in pet ownership. Whether this is surprising depends on how you think of pets. It seems people want a pet to keep them company in these difficult times when maybe we can’t go out of the house like we used to. The increase in pet ownership has increased the business for veterinarians, has increased sales of doggie and other pet products and has made stocks in companies related to pet care more expensive. Let’s hope that these pets continue to be loved and treated well after we are able to resume our normal lives.
October 1, 2020
Contrary to recent assertions by someone who ought to know better, insulin is not as cheap as water. Insulin, which is needed by Type I diabetics in order to live, has been a huge moneymaker for the drug companies that manufacture it. Its price has increased by leaps and bounds since 2000. Between 2002 and 2013, the cost of insulin rose 197%. It’s meteoric price rise has continued since then. Despite many politicians claiming to be ready to do something about it or even claiming that they already have, prices remain unaffordable for many diabetics. Politicians, stop claiming to have done something about insulin prices and actually do it for a change.
September 30, 2020
As early as April of 2020, doctors began noticing that some young people with Covid-19 were experiencing large vessel strokes. More recent analysis of the data found that in nearly half of the Covid patients under 50 who experienced a stroke, the stroke was the first sign of the disease. These patients were asymptomatic right up until the moment they experienced their stroke. They were diagnosed with Covid-19 after the stroke. Scary business.
September 29, 2020
In 1975, in response to a “medical malpractice crisis,” California passed a cap on non-economic damages in malpractice cases. the cap was $250,000.00. While that may have been a sizeable amount in 1975, inflation has eroded the purchasing power of money by 80% but the cap was never changed. I blogged about the problem here. Now a citizen initiative will place the question of the cap on the 2022 general election ballot. The initiative proposes tying the cap to inflation, which would have the effect of raising the cap today to around $1.2 million. In addition, the initiative would allow juries to exceed the cap in cases of death and catastrophic injury and to award attorney’s fees to victims. Needless to say, opposition from the medical community will be fierce.
September 23, 2020
Researchers are discovering that Vitamin D is even more important than they thought and they thought it was important before. Especially as we age, we can develop Vitamin D deficiencies. Low levels of Vitamin D have been linked to major age-related health problems, including osteoporosis (loss of bone mass), increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type II diabetes and cognitive decline.
A great source of Vitamin D? The sun. For us here in Arizona, the strong sun is a free source of lots of Vitamin D. As always, don’t overdo a good thing.
September 22, 2020
Uh-oh. Now that three of the drug companies testing three different potential vaccines for Coronavirus have released their testing protocols, other scientists can now evaluate those protocols. Here is an article from today’s New York Times, in which the author criticizes the testing as being too short and having the wrong endpoint. It is the author’s position that the testing will not tell us if the proposed vaccine will prevent the most serious cases of Coronavirus or only mild ones because it will end and a winner will be chosen before we know its effectiveness against serious cases. The author contends that preventing only mild cases is not worth either the effort or the risk of adverse consequences. Good article and worth the read.
September 21, 2020
A dentist in Alaska, who made a tape of himself extracting a patient’s tooth while balancing on a hoverboard, has been sentenced to a lengthy prison term. His conviction was based, not only on the hoverboard incident, but on charges of embezzlement, fraud and unlawful dental acts. This guy was stupid enough to make a tape and send it to others, which led to his exposure. You have to wonder how many more are out there that are at least smart not to record their antics.
September 19, 2020
Add AstraZeneca to the list of drug companies working on a Coronavirus vaccine that have released the protocols for their vaccine production and testing. AstraZeneca had been under fire for its secrecy, especially in light of the fact that two women injected with its vaccine prototype developed serious neurological illnesses.
September 18, 2020
Pfizer has joined Moderna in releasing its protocols for testing the coronavirus vaccine. Two down and a couple of more to go.
September 17, 2020
Moderna is one of the drug companies engaged in the race to produce a Coronavirus vaccine. Even people who are not Anti-Vaxxers have expressed concern about politicians pushing the vaccine makers to release a vaccine before it has been determined to be both safe and effective. Today, Moderna attempted to quell those concerns by releasing a 135 page protocol detailing the steps it has taken and will take before releasing a vaccine. Since these protocols are generally considered to be trade secrets, they are rarely released. Let’s see if any of Moderna’s competitors choose to follow suit.
September 16, 2020
This story is a little far afield but relates to a common theme: doctors who will violate their ethical obligations and the law to make a few bucks. A German doctor is going on trial for setting up a large blood doping ring for cyclists and skiers. Blood doping involves transfusing red blood cells, which increase the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, into athletes to increase their stamina. He apparently was caught red-handed performing a blood transfusion immediately prior to a cross-country ski event. American doctors are not the only ones willing to act unethically for money.
September 15, 2020
Greedy drug companies are in the news again. AstraZeneca, one of the largest of the big drug companies in the world, has raised prices on its best-selling drugs for the second time this year. It has raised prices by 6%, when the rate of inflation is only 1%. This action comes after it received hundreds of millions from the United States government to develop a vaccine for the coronavirus. Poor AstraZeneca. It made only $3.6 billion in operating profit in the first half of 2020. You can certainly understand why they need a price increase.
September 11, 2020
As the population of the United States ages, there is increasing attention being paid to the process of ageing and its effects on older Americans. Here is a link to an article debunking a number of myths about ageing. Among the recommendations are the obvious: Be active, work on developing a positive mental attitude; eat healthy and get the sleep you need. Do as many of these things as you can and you give yourself the best chance to have a healthy and happy life.
September 10, 2020
AstraZeneca is one of the drug companies testing a vaccine for Covid-19. It has paused its trials while it investigates a participant who has experienced a severe neurological problem. While it is unclear at this time exactly what the problem is, it seems to be a form of transverse myelitis, a rare inflammation of the spinal cord. It is also unclear whether the condition is related to the experimental vaccine or whether it is just a coincidence.
This is a good time to remember that vaccines, while immensely important and strongly protective, can, in rare instances, cause unexpected and unwanted adverse events. Should this happen to you, you should seek prompt medical treatment and then consider whether you have a legal remedy. The United States government has established a Court of Claims procedure for people injured by vaccines. Be sure to look into it, if you have had a bad reaction after receiving a vaccine.
August 31, 2020
The FDA has granted emergency approval to an inexpensive Covid-19 test that can produce results in 15 minutes. The test, marketed by Abbot Laboratories, only costs $5.00 and can be administered by nurses and techs. Abbot hopes to sell millions of the tests and the federal government has already agreed to purchase 150 million of them. The wide availability of an accurate, rapid result test will be a big help in controlling the pandemic and returning the country to a more normal state of affairs.
August 27, 2020
About those high drug prices . . . . Teva Pharmaceuticals, the largest generic drug maker in the world and one of the fifteen largest drug companies overall, has been charged by the United States Department of Justice with price fixing. It is alleged that Teva participated in conspiracies with other drug companies to fix prices on a number of drugs, including drugs for lowering cholesterol, managing arthritis and preventing blood clots. Teva is the latest company charged in these conspiracies. A number of other companies alleged to have participated in the conspiracies and to have fixed prices have already admitted their roles. You would think drug companies would be happy with the huge profits they make without having to resort to illegal conduct.
August 25, 2020
In an embarrassing development, the head of the Food and Drug Administration, a cancer doctor before assuming control of the FDA, does not know the difference between absolute risk and relative risk. This is a mistake that would get you an “F” on a medical school examination.
A quick example of the difference. If you buy a second lottery ticket, you have doubled your chance of winning the lottery. Your relative risk of winning the lottery just went up 100%. On the other hand, your absolute risk of winning the lottery only changed from 1 in a million to 2 in a million. As you can see, there is a big difference and, when it comes to successful Covid treatments, the FDA chief needs to know the difference and be able to explain it to the public.
August 24, 2020
Still too soon to tell what this means or how significant it might be but a Hong Kong man has been diagnosed with the Coronavirus a second time. On the first occasion, he had very mild symptoms. Four and a half months later, when he returned to Hong Kong from a vacation in Spain, he was tested again and found to be positive for a strain of the virus circulating in Europe. He had no symptoms from the second round with the virus. It may be that naturally acquired immunity is only short-lived. It may be that this is the rare case that proves the rule. It may be that any earlier exposure reduces the chance that a second infection will be serious. Just another data point in what will be a many year investigation of the Coronavirus.
August 20, 2020
Although it is not always the case, research of out the University of Southern California suggests that the flu usually begins with a cough while the Coronavirus usually begins with a fever. Your mileage may differ.
August 18, 2020
Bad news for those men who like to have a couple of drinks after work. Previous guidance was that the overall benefits of two drinks per day for men outweighed the health risks posed by alcohol. More research now shows that the benefits from alcohol on heart health are less than previously thought. Now researchers believe that the health risks of drinking outweigh the benefits, if more than one drink per day is consumed. They are taking all the fun out of life.
August 7, 2020
The Department of Justice has rooted out another fraud on the taxpayers relating to Medicare. As is often the case, the scheme required the cooperation of doctors who were willing to accept bribes and kickbacks to order tests made by the company committing the fraud. The company was based out of San Diego and made a kind of DNA test. Their marketing Vice President admitted to paying bribes and kickbacks of at least $3.5 million. There may have been more. The doctors who accepted the bribes in return for violating their oaths were not identified. You better hope your medical care is not directed by someone willing to sacrifice you and your health in return for a bribe.
July 22, 2020
A rare, life-threatening condition caused by Covid-19 has been found in children in Arizona. The condition is called Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome. Symptoms include rashes, abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue and redness of the eyes. It seems to come on about three to six weeks after a Covid infection. Seek immediate medical help for your child, if you suspect he or she has this condition.
July 22, 2020
During this pandemic with all the attention being paid to the Coronavirus, we should not forget our oral health. Certain foods and behaviors make tooth decay, gingivitis and bad breath more likely. Avoid sugary, highly processed foods. Increase your intake of leafy greens, fatty fish and citrus.
July 20, 2020
Hoping not to get caught short on drugs necessary to treat coronavirus cases in the event of a new surge, many hospitals are stocking up on those drugs. This is having the unfortunate effect of creating a shortage in the very drugs that are most important. The coronavirus bad news just keeps on coming.
July 11, 2020
As if we needed more bad news about the Covid pandemic, it is becoming apparent to researchers now that, in addition to its many other bad effects, the coronavirus can cause the onset of Type 1 diabetes in previously healthy individuals. Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, has been increasing at an alarming rate in developed countries, likely as a result of exposure to environmental factors. Finding a new cause for even more Type1 cases is very disheartening.
July 2, 2020
The big drug maker, Novartis, is pleading guilty to fraud charges in a kickback scheme. As part of its plea deal, Novartis is admitting that it has been paying bribes and kickbacks to doctors for years to prescribe its medications. It’s spent millions. Of course, it takes two to tango. The kickbacks and bribes only work if there are unethical doctors ready and willing to accept them in return for prescribing the Novartis products. It doesn’t matter if the Novartis product is the best for the patient or not. And if you think they have caught all of the unethical doctors out there willing to sell out their patients, I am afraid you are very naïve.
June 28, 2020
Gene therapy is coming, gene therapy is coming. Researchers at a stem cell conference reported encouraging results with gene therapy in monkeys to control high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Our livers follow instructions from our genes about making cholesterol and triglycerides. Researchers have discovered that some people have a gene mutation, which keeps the liver from making elevated levels of these two substances. In the monkey experiment, the monkeys were given a shot which disables that gene directing creation of high cholesterol and high triglycerides. So far it is working but it will be years before they know it has no bad side effects and it may be ready for human trials.
June 24, 2020
Transparency is coming. The federal government has ordered that hospitals disclose what they charge insurance companies for the treatment they provide to the company’s insureds. This has been a closely guarded secret by the hospitals. The amount they agree to accept from the health insurer is almost always only a small percentage of what they claim is their usual bill. Not surprisingly, hospitals don’t want you to know what they actually charge if you have insurance because you may use that information to negotiate a better deal for yourself, if you are a cash payer. Patients may also use that information to choose between hospitals providing like services. Patients may also see how unfair hospital bills are, if you do not have insurance.
The hospitals have been fighting this order in the courts. They recently suffered a significant setback when the court concluded that the order by the federal government was a reasonable one. I’m sure, however, that the battle is not over. The hospitals will continue to fight tooth and nail to keep you from learning this information, which is so important to an efficiently functioning healthcare system.
June 19, 2020
Fake doctors are a thing. They are a thing in other countries and here in the United States as well. We in Arizona are not immune to them either. Back in March of this year, the Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office arrested a man who claimed to be a holistic medicine doctor and who was using this claim to defraud victims and to sexually assault women. According to the MCSO, he had been doing this since 2013. It amazes me that, with the resources available on line today, so many people can be fooled for so long a period of time. Don’t be a victim. Before going to see any medical provider, check his or her credentials with the appropriate state licensing board. Even if your provider is properly licensed, you may find important information which affects your care.
June 16, 2020
As part of this week’s blog post, I wrote about the breach of trust by nursing homes in the Covid pandemic. Here is a similar story. A veteran living in a leased facility on the campus of a VA hospital in Massachusetts went missing on May 8. The staff reported him missing to the authorities. Yesterday, the veteran’s body was found in a stairwell outside the lease premises, but still on the VA grounds. He was wearing the same clothes he was wearing at the time of his disappearance. An investigation is underway but the operator of the leased premises and the VA are blaming each other and each claiming the other has exclusive control over the stairwell. In any event, it does not appear that anyone conducted much of a search of the premises when the veteran went missing. Someone, perhaps many someones, need to do a better job of caring for their patients.
June 15, 2020
In a couple of weeks I will be doing an longer blog post on problems with our supply chain for medical equipment. In the meantime, the problem was acutely demonstrated by a story in the Wall Street Journal about Chinese medical supply manufacturers. These manufacturers are required by U.S. law to have an agent in the United States to serve as a point of contact between themselves and the Food & Drug Administration, in the event of problems or just to schedule one of the inspections the FDA does of foreign manufacturers. According to the Journal story, 1,300 of these manufacturers identified the same company as their agent and gave a Delaware address for the agent. There were a couple of problems. One is that there is no company by the name given. The second is that the address was a private home where no one knew anything about the alleged agent. Further investigation seemed to suggest that this was a misunderstanding by the Chinese manufacturers, that there was an agent and that they simply misidentified it en masse. Even if this explanation is true, it shows a shocking hole in the FDA’s ability to monitor these manufacturers. Given the number of defective medical products, including N-95 masks, that have been shipped out of China to protect our health care workers, we need all the oversight we can get. These manufacturers apparently don’t give a damn.
June 9, 2020
I am going a little off topic today. I am writing about water safety. I have grandchildren, who come over to the house often. I also have a pool in my backyard, as do many Arizonans. If you have ever been around toddlers, you know how hard it is to keep track of them. You can turn your back for two seconds and they are out the door and into mischief. If you have a pool that is not properly secured, that can lead to tragedy. According to the Centers for Disease Control, after birth defects, drowning is the leading cause of death for children under four. Here is an article about things you can do to make it safer for the little ones who may visit your home. At my home, we have installed a removable fence with magnetic latches. It is manufactured by Katchakid and I have been very pleased. It is easy to set up and remove and has given me great peace of mind when my grandchildren visit. Whatever you choose to do, do something.
June 3, 2020
I didn’t realize it but medical professionals say there is a right way and a wrong way to breathe. Breathing through the nose, when possible, is better than breathing through the mouth. Breathing through the nose allows the nostrils to filter out allergens and bacteria, to warm air that is too cold, and to humidify air that is too dry. There are some other tips that make this worth a read.
June 1, 2020
Maybe you are not just scatterbrained. Maybe part of the problem is your diet. We have all heard that we are what we eat. A recent study shows that, following a meal high in saturated fats, it is often more difficult to concentrate. Researchers are not sure of the exact mechanism by which saturated fats affect concentration but they are confident of the relationship. More evidence that a Mediterranean diet is a good lifestyle change to adopt.
May 18, 2020
Keep it moving, keep it moving. I don’t know where you are sitting out the coronavirus or if you are sitting it out at all. For those of us who have been spending more time at home, the temptation to snack or have a quarantini is hard to resist. This means excess pounds. The solution, besides more willpower, is to keep it moving and exercise. A good walk or run or some trips up and down the stairs can do wonders. As a matter of fact, exercise is good for us, pandemic or not, so keep it moving.
May 13, 2020
For many years, PSA testing has been the primary way of determining if a man has or may have prostate cancer. Elevated levels of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) usually lead to an invasive biopsy. All in all this is a terrible way to diagnose prostate cancer.
PSA tests fail to identify many men with prostate cancer and, on the other hand, return positive results for many men who do not have prostate cancer at all. This means men who should be treated do not get treatment and men who should not be treated are, at a minimum, exposed to invasive biopsy procedures and unnecessary treatment.
The latest research shows that cancerous cells in the prostate produce molecules in the urine that can be detected. Here is a link to a recent article on the subject. The new testing is a step forward as it is accurate and non-invasive.
May 7 2020
For those who are considering making their own face masks to address COVID-19 issues, here is an article suggesting some effective fabrics to use.
May 5, 2020
There are news reports of a rapid, inexpensive but accurate test for COVID-19 using the Crispr gene-editing technology. Epidemiologists have stated that we will need rapid, accurate and inexpensive tests in order to fully reopen the country.
April 29, 2020
Here is an article on making a homemade mask and a material combination that is highly effective at screening out even very small particles. A caveat, however, is that fit is critical. If the mask is not properly fitted to the face and has openings at the sides or top or bottom, at least 50% of the effectiveness is lost.
April 28, 2020
Even during the Coronavirus pandemic, we can be grateful that the Justice Department is continuing to prosecute those who would defraud the taxpayers by ripping off the Medicare system. The latest is an orthopedic surgeon who agreed to reimburse the government $1.75M to resolve charges that he accepted bribes from a company that makes orthopedic medical devices. According to the government, he is the sixth physician to pay money to resolve allegations that he accepted bribes. Whenever there is money on the table, there will be doctors and others willing to forget their oaths and put their own interests ahead of those of their patients.
April 27, 2020
We keep learning more and more about the things we already knew were bad for us. Chalk up another bad consequence of obesity. In addition to adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and Type II diabetes, it now appears that obesity makes you mentally slower and less able to mentally function. Here is a story on recent research into this subject.
April 20, 2020
Heart disease is one of the most significant causes of death in the United States. We typically think of it as a disease of older Americans. Years of bad living have a way of catching up with us as we age. Younger people don’t need to worry about it as much. New research suggests that is not true.
A study which recently appeared in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, the researchers report that they found coronary artery disease progressed rapidly in a very substantial population of otherwise healthy adults in their 40’s. The disease process was marked by the deposition of fatty plaques in the arteries. Once those are present, it is extremely difficult to remove them and, should they rupture, they can cause a heart attack. Word to the wise, take your cardiac health seriously, even in your younger years.
April 10, 2020
This could be a game changer. Researchers in Great Britain and the United States have developed a blood test that can detect 50 different cancers with a 90% accuracy rate and can tell where in the body the cancer originated. Their results are reported in a paper in the Annals of Oncology. One of the greatest diagnostic problems in cancer treatment is that detection often comes late in the disease process and this means the cancer has gotten a big head start on the doctors trying to treat it. This blood test will allow doctors to discover cancer in its hiding places long before it would have been discoverable by the usual methods.
April 2, 2020
Want some medical treatment but afraid to go to the doctor‘s office or the urgent care to get it? Maybe this is a good time to look into telemedicine instead. See the doctor online may be just the ticket. You are not alone.
According to the Wall Street Journal, telemedicine websites, which had been struggling to catch on, are being overwhelmed by patients. It will be interesting to see whether this newfound popularity continues after the coronavirus crisis passes and people are once again willing to visit the doctor in person.
March 30, 2020
Taking a break from Covid news today. In a finding that should be important to all older people facing the prospect of potential dementia, researchers in Great Britain have discovered that most forms of frontotemporal dementia are accompanied by brain inflammation. This discovery, it is hoped, will aid them in developing new treatments to prevent the onset of dementia by addressing inflammation in the brain. Keep your fingers crossed.
March 24, 2020
Not all doctors are putting the health of the public ahead of their own or that of their family in this time of crisis. In an apparent widespread practice, doctors are writing prescriptions for themselves and their families for drugs mentioned by the President as perhaps being effective against Coronavirus. These drugs were being used successfully by people with proven medical conditions, such as lupus. Because of hoarding by doctors, these people can no longer obtain the drugs they desperately need. Some state pharmacy boards have issued orders to stop this hoarding. They shouldn’t have to act to prevent doctors from behaving unethically.
March 23, 2020
In these difficult times, here is some good news you may be able to use. Recent studies have found that daily meditation may slow the aging process in the brain. If there was ever a time when a little meditation would be particularly good for us, this is it. Commune with your inner self or your higher power. It can’t hurt and, beyond the usual benefits of meditation, may keep your brain young.
March 19, 2020
I try not to get political on these pages but today I am reminded of the importance of the vote. In 2016, just a little over half of the people eligible to vote did so. Many of those who did not vote took the position that their vote is meaningless since all the candidates are the same. The Coronavirus crisis shows this is not true. It also shows that the consequence of the vote for President goes far beyond the actions of the President himself or herself. Far more significant are the actions of those who surround the President. In the case of the current administration, there was a hostility to science and to expertise and an elevation of the importance of ideology and personal loyalty to the President. As a result, many of our important health care institutions were hollowed out or were targeted for budget cuts. We are all paying the price for the consequences of the last Presidential election.
March 16, 2020
1918 not only brought us the last year of the First World War, it brought us what has been called the “Spanish Flu,” an influenza outbreak caused by a novel virus for which human beings had no acquired immunity. Sound familiar? It should. It is very similar to the situation in which we find ourselves today with COVID-19. We can learn a lot from the experience of 1918. If nothing else, it should educate us about the risks inherent in a new virus. Take this virus seriously. It must be taken seriously by all of us because, if we don’t, we have the capacity to infect others through our carelessness.
It was less than two months ago that I wrote about the first case to arrive in the United States from China. At that time, it had killed only 6 people in China. That seems like a million years ago in terms of what has happened since. The world has changed and so have we. We still have a long way to go before this is even close to being over.
March 10, 2020
Every day it seems as though there is another report on the benefits of exercise and activity on the human body. We evolved as hunters and gatherers, always on the move. The invention of the couch, the television and fast food came much later in our development. We are meant to be active and, when we are not, we pay the price. That said, it is never a good idea for a person who has been sedentary to suddenly take up high intensity interval training or any intense activity, for that matter. Sudden, high intensity activity in a sedentary person increases the risk of a heart attack. As one doctor put it, exercise is a medicine; too much or too little can be bad for you. The moral of the story for those of us who have not been active is to start out slowly, but to be sure to start out.
March 9, 2020
Wash your hands often and don’t panic is the good advice being given by knowledgeable health care professionals. The same precautions we should be taking against getting the regular flu apply as well to the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Exactly how deadly is this virus is a question that cannot be answered until scientists have more date with which to work, especially more Western data. Most of the cases so far have been in China and extensive, hard data from that country is not yet available. Additionally, this disease usually kills through pneumonia, a disease which affects the lungs. Many more men are heavy smokers in China than in the United States. Does that make a difference in the mortality risk? We don’t know but logic says it should. Practicing good personal hygiene is good for you and for those around you. We will make it through this together.
March 4, 2020
The Feds are coming for bad nursing homes. If you are fortunate, you have not had a loved one in a nursing home. It is never a happy occasion to have to put a loved one in a nursing home, no matter how wonderful the home may be. Some are not so wonderful. They are understaffed, poorly maintained and uncaring about anything, other than the monthly charges. We see bedsore cases, cases of abused patients and cases of extreme neglect. Apparently, enough is enough. The Justice Department has announced the formation of a task force to address abuse, neglect and financial exploitation of the elderly in nursing homes. This is definitely a good thing.
March 3, 2020
There are almost 200,000 children and adolescents in the United States living with Type 1 diabetes. One of them is my 9-year-old grandson. He is in his sixth year of living with the disease. As a result, I am very interested in Type 1 treatment news. Some good news just arrived. Researchers have succeeded in developing a method to force pluripotent stem cells, which can become any cell in the body, to become insulin producing beta cells. They have injected these cells into diabetic mice and have been able to return the ability of the mice maintain normal blood sugar levels for 9 months before the immune systems in the mice destroyed the new beta cells. The good news, of course, is that more stem/beta cells can be implanted to keep the process of normal insulin production going and going. Still a long way to go but very promising.
March 2, 2020
There is an excellent story in the New York Times about the critical importance of medical examiners to public health and the many challenges they face due to underfunding and misunderstandings about their importance on the part of politicians and the public. A related problem is that there are just too few forensic pathologists to do all the autopsies that ought to be done. I strongly recommend you read the story and then see if your city or county is doing enough to protect the public by supporting this vital work.
February 26, 2020
The coronavirus is coming. It is a question of when and not if. Here are some tips for protecting yourself. Among them, wash your hands frequently, keep your distance from people who are coughing or sneezing, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth, practice good respiratory hygiene and, seek medical care if you get sick.
February 25, 2020
We all suffer from what are called “cognitive biases.” These are tricks the mind plays on us. They are the result of the mind trying to make sense of the world around it and making up shortcuts to accomplish its many tasks. Interestingly, we all suffer from the same cognitive biases, and that includes doctors. The cognitive biases of doctors affect the decisions they make when treating patients.
One common cognitive bias is confirmation bias. It refers to the tendency to look for and give greater weight to information that confirms something we already think. For doctors, it means they may look for evidence that confirms a tentative diagnosis they have already reached while at the same time ignoring evidence that points to a different diagnosis.
Another common cognitive bias is the anchoring effect. It involves the observer tending to give greater weight to the first piece of information he or she receives and less weight to subsequent information. If the first test results a doctor sees are normal, the doctor may give less weight to other test results which are abnormal.
Left digit bias explains why we see gasoline priced at $3.99 per gallon and believe it is substantially cheaper than gas at $4.00 per gallon. For doctors, seeing a lab result of 6.9 may be perceived as substantially less than a result of 7.1, even though the two are almost identical. That can have a major effect on decision making.
The medical profession is aware of the existence of these biases and is trying to address them. Some solutions are computer diagnosis programs with algorithms that push the doctor in the right diagnostic direction.
February 20, 2020
I am not holding my breath but the Wall Street Journal reports that the big drug companies are losing the ability in Washington to block legislation aimed at reducing skyrocketing drug prices. This is primarily occurring because Republican lawmakers, who have been the primary defenders of the industry, are feeling threatened by the growing public insistence that something be done about high drug prices.
Don’t think the rise of drug prices is solely a Republican problem. The drug company lobbyists are equal opportunity influencers. They donate to Democrats as well as Rebublicans. Even when the Democrats controlled the White House and both houses of Congress ten years ago, the drug companies were able to block any meaningful legislation. Despite my skepticism, let us hope that this is indeed the dawn of a new day on Capitol hill.
February 13, 2020
As usual, your mother was right. Washing your hands often is a good idea and one of the most effective means of preventing the spread of viral infections, such as the novel coronavirus sweeping China. While a short wash with soap is better than no wash at all, a longer wash of about 20 seconds is the most effective and efficient. Be sure to get the back sides of the hands and between the fingers too. Hand sanitizers are helpful but no substitute for a thorough wash.
February 11, 2020
“Eat more fish.” That is the conclusion to be drawn from a large study seeking to compare the heart risks associated with eating processed meats, unprocessed red meats, chicken and fish. All but fish increased the risk of cardiovascular disease, with processed meats leading the way. The study has some limitations but is important, nonetheless.
February 10, 2020
New imaging technology involving low dose x-rays permits full body x-rays which may eliminate the need for some autopsies or eliminate the need for certain steps in an autopsy. This can be important for those religions that frown on the physical intrusion to the deceased that happens during a routine autopsy. Here is a link to a story about this technology.
February 6, 2020
File this under “What took you so long?” A New Jersey oral surgeon was temporarily suspended in 2016 after multiple inspections of his office by the Department of Health found unsanitary practices. He is in the news because he has finally agreed to a five year suspension and payment of $300,000 in fines. During the time the health department was finding, documenting and warning about unsanitary practices, the doctor was allowed to continue to perform oral surgery. During that four year time period, 15 of his patients developed heart infections, many of which led to heart valve surgeries, and one of which led to death. None of the patients who developed bacterial endocarditis had a history of heart issues before becoming patients of the surgeon. One of the patients who needed heart valve replacement was only 26. Undoubtedly, this malpractice is the subject of multiple lawsuits but the question still remains, “What took so long to suspend this guy?” How many times do you have to find him in violation of safety rules before you shut him down? I respectfully submit that four years is too long.
February 3, 2020
More bad news from China. It’s not just the coronavirus. As with so many products these days, most surgical gowns are manufactured in China. A large surgical gown manufacturer in China has been discovered using factories that have not been registered with the Food and Drug Administration. The factory has not been meeting cleanliness standards and at least some of the surgical gowns have been contaminated and are not sterile. To make matters worse, the gowns are often packed along with other sterile items used in the operating room. Millions of the surgical gowns have been recalled as have the packages containing the other surgical equipment. This has caused substantial hardship at some hospitals. Some surgeries have had to be cancelled or rescheduled because of the recall. Here is a link to a CBS news story on the recall.
January 31, 2020
I am not a coffee drinker but my wife sure is. On top of that, my son owns one of the best coffee shops in Phoenix, Copper Star Coffee on 7th Avenue. Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive substance in the world. Many people use it to fire up their brain and to get some extra energy. According to a recent study, acute exercise can be just as good for the brain as it is for the body. Acute exercise is as effective as caffeine in stimulating the brain, improving memory, and making you feel energetic. Why not both?
January 29, 2020
Researchers have discovered the secret to a longer, healthier life. Guess what? It isn’t a secret at all. Avoid these five behaviors and you significantly increase your chances for an extra seven to ten years of disease-free life. The bad five to avoid: Smoking; Drinking too much alcohol; Not exercising; Being overweight; and Eating an unhealthy diet. Now you know.
January 21, 2020
The first case of the new Chinese coronavirus has reached our shores. A gentleman who just returned to the United States from Wuhan, China, the epicenter of the disease outbreak, tested positive for the virus and is in hospital isolation in the state of Washington. The disease has killed six and sickened hundreds in China so far.
January 17, 2020
Disappointing news from a large test of whether active measures can keep the sickest patients from relapsing and returning to the hospital. Five percent of the patients are responsible for about half of all health care spending. One theory has been that if we could spend some money following up with these patients, making sure they are taking their meds, eating right, and getting appropriate preventive care, maybe we can keep them healthy enough to stay out of the hospital. This test found that it was very difficult to keep these people out of the hospital and that all the interventions did not seem to make a difference. Time to go back to the drawing board.
January 16, 2020
Well there is good news and bad news on the economic and health fronts today. The good news on the economic front is that the economy is nearing full employment. People who want to work can find jobs and wages are rising as employers are forced to compete for employees. The bad news on the health front is that, for every 1% decrease in the jobless rate, there is a 16% increase in the number of doctor visits because of the flu. The speculation is that more crowded workplaces facilitate the spread of the flu from worker to worker. Best advice is to get your flu shot, wash your hands often and stay home, if you are sick.
January 15, 2020
In an unexpected finding, deaths due to cardiovascular disease are rising throughout the United States among middle aged people, aged 450 to 64. By contrast, deaths due to cardiovascular disease are less among older Americans. This was a finding made by the Wall Street Journal when it examined mortality statistics. The future does not look good either as many elementary school children are obese and have high or borderline high cholesterol already.
January 10, 2020
In what could turn out to be a very significant development in the delivery of affordable health care in the United States, California is looking into contracting with generic drug makers to produce drugs California could then sell/distribute to its citizens, many of whom are on Medicaid. The investigation is said to be in its very earliest stage. All I can say is that it is about time someone did something about runaway drug prices.
January 6, 2020
A pair of San Diego ophthalmologists are paying the federal government nearly a million dollars to resolve claims of Medicare fraud. A doctor who used to work at the practice filed a whistleblower complaint and will get a sizable check as a result of the settlement. The doctors submitted bills to Medicare for treatment they claimed was performed by them but was actually performed by another doctor who was not qualified to treat Medicare patients. According to the federal government, this constitutes Medicare billing fraud. Here is a link to some local news coverage of the settlement.
January 3, 2020
I read something today that really surprised me and may surprise you. The most significant modifiable risk for developing dementia is hearing loss. Hearing loss exceeds smoking, social isolation, high blood pressure and lack of exercise as modifiable risks for dementia. And it doesn’t even have to be a big loss in hearing. Even a small loss in hearing can increase the risk of dementia. Here is a New York Times article on the subject. One of the author’s recommendations is to use noise cancelling earbuds so that you don’t have to jack the volume up in order to be able to hear your music. I am on my way to get a set of the new Apple AirPods Pro earbuds with noise cancelling. I like my music and my brain.
January 2, 2020
While artificial intelligence (AI) is not an unalloyed blessing, it does have the potential to improve our lives in many ways. One of the ways is in reading x-rays. Already, trained computers can detect lung cancers, eye disease and kidney injury better than most radiologists. This is a good way to back up radiologists and improve the quality of care. A recent article in the Wall Street Journal describes the successful use of Google Health’s AI to detect breast cancer better than many doctors. It also was reported to reduce the number of false positives. A false positive occurs when a study is read as showing cancer or likely cancer. It is a problem because it means more testing and perhaps a biopsy to rule the breast cancer in or out. The new breast cancer algorithm is not yet ready for prime time but demonstrates the advances being made in this important area.
December 19, 2019
The current administration in Washington has made many promises to improve health care and its pricing. Unfortunately, it has delivered little. One of the current reasons for the administrations inability to get things done in this field is the ongoing battle between two of the top Trump health care appointees. Alex Azar, Secretary of Health & Human Services, is at war with Seema Verma, head of CMS, which runs Medicare, Medicaid and Obamacare. Here is a good report on their conflict and its impact on the administration’s health care policies and initiatives.
December 9, 2019
In 2016, hackers breached security at Banner Health System and gained access to the health and financial information of almost three million patients. Class action suits followed and the court handling those combined suits has now approved a settlement which will cost Banner over $10 million in payments to class members to monitor their credit, to reimburse those who suffered financial losses from identity theft and in payments to the attorneys who represented the class plaintiffs. Banner also committed to implement extensive security enhancements to prevent future breaches.
November 25, 2019
As readers of this site and our blog know, I have a 9 year-old grandson who is a Type 1 diabetic. I have written often about the extreme and unjustified increases in the cost of insulin and the effect it has on patients who need it to survive. Some of them cut their doses or skip them entirely because they cannot afford them. Of course, this is not a problem limited to Type 1 diabetics. A new report found that many people who must take medication for cardiac or stroke issues also reduce dosages or skip doses due to cost issues.
All my observations about the cost of insulin apply here as well. Big Pharma lobbying has paralyzed Washington. We pay more for drugs than any other country in the world. To say this is stupid is to understate the nature of the problem. Tell Washington to get off its fanny and make life-saving drugs affordable again.
November 19, 2019
Sepsis is a blood infection that overwhelms the body’s immune system. It causes multi-organ failure, collapsing blood pressures and, often, death. It is a major killer of children and adults. The good news today is that researchers have developed a blood test that they believe does a good job of identifying those patients who are at high risk of sepsis so that they can be treated aggressively before they become too ill to make it. Good news indeed. Here is a link.
November 7, 2019
Medical mistakes are all around us. The latest example to hit the news involved an Oklahoma care facility for disabled people. Eight patients and two staff were scheduled to receive their annual flu shots. They got shots all right but, instead of the flu vaccine, they were administered long-acting insulin. The insulin flooded their systems and made them immediately hypoglycemic. This means that their blood sugars were driven dangerously low. They all lost consciousness within a minute or two. Fortunately, first responders were able to figure out what had happened and administer glucose to raise their blood sugars. Several of the patients remain hospitalized but, despite the life-threatening nature of dangerously low blood sugar, no one died.
November 4, 2019
We have been told over and over about the importance of exercise in addressing nearly every health issue you can think of. Some is better than none and more, so long as it is not overdone, is better than just a little. Now we have strong evidence that when you exercise makes a difference in terms of your blood sugar. A recent study found that people who exercised in the morning before they ate had lower insulin levels during exercise and, accordingly, were able to burn more fat. They did not lose more weight than those who exercised the same amount after eating but the results showed what the researchers called “a dramatic improvement in overall health.”
November 3, 2019
October was a busy month for those charged with safeguarding the treasury and our tax money from the doctors and other scoundrels trying to defraud Medicare and other government health programs. While busy, it was not any busier than most months. During the month, there were 22 instances involving either a conviction or a compromise in which the health care provider agreed to repay the government. The total of the funds involved in October was $162 million. This works out to almost $7.5 million for each case. And, remember, this is at best the tip of the iceberg. There are lots of fraud schemes that are successful at avoiding detection.
November 1, 2019
Deaths from heart failure are soaring. Heart failure describes a progressive condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to keep all the body’s processes going. The rapid increase in the number of heart failure deaths and the declining age of those developing heart failure is alarming cardiologists. Deaths due to heart failure increased by almost 21% between 2011 and 2017. The American Heart Association predicts that as many as 8 million Americans will have heart failure by 2030.
The increase in the number of deaths is attributable to the usual suspects: high blood pressure, obesity and its companion, Type II diabetes. The cost to the public from this disease is staggering and will only continue to increase. We can prevent a lot of heart failure if we just take care of ourselves. Keep your blood pressure under control. Watch what and how much you eat. Exercise. Many good things will happen, if you are able to follow this advice.
October 29, 2019
Another shoe has dropped in the Insys cases. You may recall that this Arizona drugmaker’s top executives were charged with racketeering, bribery and defrauding insurance companies in connection with the sale of Insys’ highly potent artificial Fentanyl. All were convicted in a federal trial earlier this year. Now one of the doctors whom they bribed has been sentenced for accepting the bribe, prescribing the drug to patients who were not eligible for it and urging others to prescribe it as well. Sadly, the doctor was a respected pain expert in New York before he was seduced by the promise of some easy money. He choked up during sentencing and said his career was ruined and he was broke. The judge ordered him to give up the bribe money (about $125,000) and sentenced him to time in prison. Other doctors who have pleaded guilty are awaiting sentencing.
October 28, 2019
Many hospitals and medical centers have responded to concerns about obesity and the rise of Type II diabetes by banning the sale of high sugar drinks on their campuses. Now a study of employees at the University of California San Francisco Hospital has found some good benefits. Those who drank high sugar drinks have reduced their consumption. They have lost inches off their waistlines. Furthermore, their insulin resistance is less, which reduces the risk of Type II diabetes. Armed with these results, other University of California hospitals intend to follow suit.
October 24, 2019
From the “All things in moderation” desk comes a report out of Canada that a little sunlight can be good for your gut microbiome. All of us have billions of microbes working diligently away in our guts. The more diverse the microbes, the better scientists tell us. One factor that contributes to good diversity is our vitamin D level. The study last winter in Canada exposed women to UVB rays, similar to those which are found in sunlight. After a week, all of the volunteers had higher levels of vitamin D and a more diverse gut microbiome. Don’t get burned but getting out in the sun can be good for your digestion.
October 10, 2019
This has to be pretty high on the list of things no one wants to happen. Three babies at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Pennsylvania have died as the result of a waterborne bacterial infection. Five other babies were infected. Four of those were successfully treated while the fifth is still undergoing treatment. The hospital and federal authorities are investigating to determine how the bacteria made its way to the NICU. The particular pathogen is a common one but can obviously be a problem for the premature and very sick newborns who are found in the NICU.
October 8, 2019
I have blogged about the economic effect of hospital consolidation; it results in higher health care costs in its geographical area. Now the California Attorney General has taken action against what appears to be an extreme case. Sutter Health dominates Northern California with 24 hospitals and 5,500 doctor employees. According to the Attorney General, it has used its near monopoly position to force patients and insurers to pay higher prices. The cost for many procedures is substantially higher in Northern California than in Southern California and California prices were already high compared to the rest of the nation. The case goes to trial in a few weeks. It will be interesting to see what happens.
October 2, 2019
Maybe eating meat isn’t as bad for you as you have been told. Recent studies by reputable scientists have come to the conclusion that, while there might be some benefit to reducing the intake of meat and meat products, the benefit is a small one. The researchers also concluded that the studies on which all of our previous guidance was based were not very scientific at all. As in all things, moderation is a virtue. So eat a balanced diet, get exercise and enjoy the rest of your life.
September 30, 2019
While I don’t want to sound like a broken record, I can’t read the news without finding another story about the benefits of exercise. You name an ailment and there is probably a study showing that exercise will help in either its treatment or its prevention or both. Today was no exception. Here is a study showing that people who already have cardiovascular disease benefit even more from exercise than do healthy people without existing heart disease. It doesn’t take much exercise to begin to show a benefit so get off that couch and start walking around.
September 20, 2019
Last month I blogged about a large medical malpractice verdict returned by a Baltimore jury. As I predicted at that time, the attorneys for the defendants have now asked the trial judge to either reduce the verdict or throw it out altogether on the alleged basis that it was contrary to the evidence and the jury was swayed by emotion in returning it. Unless the parties settle during this phase, it will be a long time before the plaintiff in this case sees any money.
September 17, 2019
Progress in the treatment of cancer marches on. Medicine now recognizes that some patients can use their own boosted immune systems to fight cancer. Not everyone will benefit, however, from every drug which boosts the immune system. There are tests which can identify the patients who will benefit but they are invasive and expensive and take time to get the results. Now researchers in the Netherlands have developed an “electronic nose” which can sniff the breath of a patient and identify with 85% accuracy those patients who will benefit from certain immunotherapy drugs. Here is a link to an article describing the discovery.
September 13, 2019
Maybe there is a fountain of youth after all. A recent, very small study undertaken to see if the human thymus could be induced to improve its function in older adults showed promising results. The thymus is important as it is the source of immune system cells. As we grow older, the thymus becomes less active. The recent study tried a mixture of drugs in an attempt to reactivate the thymus. They found that the mixture of drugs was successful not only in improving thymic function but also appeared to reduce the biological age of the participants by an average of 2.5 years. Keep your fingers crossed that these results can be replicated in larger tests.
September 11, 2019
You don’t have to do much scientific reading to learn that twins, triplets and other multiple-birth children have more health problems than singletons. Many of these multiple-birth children spend the first month or more of their lives in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Now, adding insult to injury, comes a report that multiple-birth children in the NICU are more frequently the victims of malpractice than singletons in the NICU. The explanation is a simple one. The multiple-birth child is mistaken for his or her sibling and gets the wrong medicine or the wrong treatment. Please be careful out there when you are delivering care to a multiple-birth child.
September 3, 2019
A Pennsylvania couple was recently awarded $8.5 million after a scan showed the likely presence of a tumor in the husband’s bladder and no one told him about it or did anything by way of follow up. The case shows the importance of getting to trial promptly in a case of cancer misdiagnosis or failure to properly treat cancer. Had the husband passed away before the case could be brought to trial, it is likely the award, if an award were made at all, would have been millions of dollars less.
August 29, 2019
“Is my child a werewolf?” This is a question some Spanish parents were asking when their young children began growing hair all over their bodies, including on their faces. After first attributing the hair growth to genetic abnormalities, health officials finally traced the problem to the mislabeling of a generic medication. Each of the children had been prescribed a generic drug to prevent gastric reflux. Due to a mix up at a processing center, a hair growth drug, minoxidil, was mislabeled as the gastric reflux medicine. With the problem corrected and the children no longer receiving the minoxidil, doctors are confident that the unwanted hair will fall out. Scary, scary.
July 29, 2019
Bayer, the new parent of Monsanto, has lost three trials arising from the use of the herbicide Round Up in the California courts recently. All have been large verdicts. As is almost always the case, the trial courts have reduced the verdicts. A $2 billion award was reduced by the trial judge to $87 million and an $80 million verdict was reduced to $25 million. An earlier $289 million award was reduced to $78 million. In each case, Bayer described the reduction as a good first step but, in each case, has appealed the reduced award as excessive. Large verdicts rarely survive the post-trial and appellate process. We will have to wait and see what the final outcome for Bayer and for the plaintiffs is.
July 24, 2019
Perhaps you heard of this one. A Montana man, whose wife is a physician, went into kidney failure and needed dialysis. He had health insurance but his wife was told that there were no in network dialysis providers in Montana (turns out that was not true). They ended up at a provider over 70 miles from their home in Missoula that was out of network for their insurer. The husband received three dialysis sessions a week for 14 weeks. Although the physician wife tried to find out what this was going to cost, no one could/would tell her. When the bills started coming, they totaled over $540,000. The dialysis facility charged them almost $14,000 for each dialysis session. Medicare pays $235 for the same dialysis session. The couple’s insurance paid a little but they ended up stuck with a bill for over $524,000.
How does this happen and why do we as a country allow it to happen?
July 11, 2019
At the Ohio hospital where a doctor has been accused of murdering 25 patients by giving them overdoses of painkillers, heads are rolling. The hospital reports that it has fired dozens of employees and that its CEO will be stepping down. The fired employees include five doctors and members of nursing and pharmacy teams. An executive vice president has announced he will retire at the end of September. The firings come amid questions of how such conduct could have gone on undetected by the hospital’s internal systems. Sad and scary at the same time.
June 25, 2019
There was a recent verdict out of Massachusetts that was quite large: $11.5 million. As is almost always the case, it involved a devastating injury that will require long-term care and which could have been avoided. The defendant was a radiologist who read the chest x-ray of an 18-year-old young man. The radiologist either failed to notice that the heart was enlarged or failed to mention the fact in his report. The heart was enlarged because the young man had myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle. It went unrecognized and untreated and the young man suffered a cardiac arrest as a result. Due to the period of time that his heart was stopped, he also suffered permanent brain damage.
June 20, 2019
A South Carolina jury recently returned a $3.5 million medical malpractice verdict against doctors and a hospital in the drowning death of a 26 year-old man. The man had been brought to the hospital by his father because he was not taking his medications and was having paranoid hallucinations. After his son was admitted to the hospital, the father returned home. Soon after the father left, the young man said he wanted to leave and was permitted to do so after signing a paper agreeing he was leaving against medical advice. Shortly thereafter, he was seen running into the ocean during a violent storm. No one called the father to tell him they were releasing his son. Based on its findings, it is apparent the jury became very angry with the doctors who allowed the young man to just walk out the door and into the storm.
June 19, 2019
Add to your list of qualifications for your surgeon, “Is he or she professional in dealings with others?” Apparently, this makes a difference. According to a study published in JAMA Surgery, surgeons with reports of unprofessional behavior had higher rates of post-surgical complications. I’m not sure how the public finds out about this sort of problem but then there are many problems patients are not allowed to know about, even when it directly affects their health care.
June 17, 2019
Good story in the Washington Post about diabetics going across the border to Canada to buy insulin because the Canadians keep the price affordable. Here is an interesting quote from the article:
Elizabeth Pfiester is founder and executive director of T1International, a British-based nonprofit that advocates for people with Type 1 diabetes around the world.
“It’s kind of a myth that America has the best health-care system in the world, because it is set up to allow Americans to go bankrupt or die because they can’t afford their medicine,” she said.
A myth indeed.
June 13, 2019
I have written from time to time about large verdicts and the fact that the public rarely hears what happens after a large verdict is returned. I have written that these verdicts are very often reduced by the trial judge or overturned on appeal. Here is today’s example. The jury had returned a $15.5 million verdict in favor of a woman who had lost toes, fingers and part of a foot as a result of what she contended was physician malpractice in dealing with a medical condition affecting her circulation. The Florida Court of Appeals overturned the verdict and sent the case back for a retrial because of what it found to be improper jury instructions. Happens all the time.
June 7, 2019
The final chapters of the Insys saga appear to be coming to a close. Five top executives were convicted in a recent federal criminal trial of bribing doctors to prescribe its highly-addictive Fentanyl spray to patients who were not eligible to receive it. The company is now going to pay $225 million to resolve civil and criminal charges against it. The top executives are awaiting sentencing. The company is near bankruptcy. Good riddance to a bad actor.
June 5, 2019
Another day, another story about unbridled greed in the pharmaceutical industry. Today’s candidate for a public flogging followed by tar and feathering is Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals. It owns a medication, Acthar, which is used to prevent infantile seizures. Acthar sold in 2000 for $40 per vial but now sells for, get ready, $40,000 per vial. A price increase of only 100,000%. There is an identical medication made in Canada that sells for $33 per vial. You can’t buy it here because Mallinkrodt Pharmaceuticals bought the rights to sell it in the United States and refuses to sell it. To top it all off, the Justice Department has accused Mallinkrodt of bribing doctors to prescribe its medication. The case will now be settled for a fine of $15.4 million. The amount is outrageously low considering that Mallinckrodt takes in a billion dollars per year on Acthar sales. When you make this kind of money, you don’t go to jail for bribery. To paraphrase the late Leona Helmsly, “Jail is for little people.”
June 4, 2019
Apple is at it again. It just keeps on innovating. Here is a story about the latest upgrades to its smartwatch. The Apple watch can already do an electrocardiogram and track various health measures. More is on the way as Apple moves to supplant other portable fitness monitors.
May 31, 2019
And now for some truly shocking news: Prices for prescription drugs are likely to continue to increase. A new study looks at recent price increases and offers the prediction that these price trends will continue. These increases are far greater than the rate of inflation and, since the cost of producing these drugs is not going up, these price increases are going right to the bottom line of the big drug companies.
“The United States provides drug companies with the strongest patent protections in the world, but legal strategies in the pharmaceutical industry … abuse that liberty,” the researchers wrote. “Reasonable drug costs for consumers must be balanced with incentives in the pharmaceutical industry to produce innovative drugs that improve and save lives.”
True that. Congress stop this abuse by the drug companies.
May 30, 2019
Colorado has become the first state to take action to protect diabetics from the skyrocketing cost of insulin. Under the new law, co-pays will be capped at $100 per month for insured diabetics who are purchasing insulin. Health insurers will be required to pick up the remainder of the monthly cost. This means, of course, that the insured public in Colorado will end up paying for the insulin as costs are shifted across the pool of insureds. As important as this legislation is, it does nothing to address the underlying problem of drug companies setting the price of insulin ever higher. It also does nothing for those who, for one reason or another, find themselves without insurance. The uninsured must bear the cost of insulin on their own.
May 22, 2019
Eli Lilly’s half-price insulin goes on sale today. Activists say it is still too expensive.
May 21, 2019
Here is another story about artificial intelligence (“AI”) interpreting medical tests and doing at least as well, if not better than, live doctors. In this study, researchers had computers review CT scans of lungs looking for active tumors or growths that were likely to become tumors in the future. The more scans the computer was given to review, the better it learned to do the job. This is called “deep learning.” When compared to expert radiologists with no prior image with which to compare a scan, the computer had a better record than the radiologists. When there was a prior image to use for comparison purposes, the radiologists did better. Computers are well-equipped to review images and tissue slides where the goal is to identify a pattern. The experts agree this is a task computers will do more and more of as time goes by.
May 16, 2019
A federal judge recently called UnitedHealthcare “immoral and barbaric” for denying coverage for certain prostate cancer treatments. Link here. The company denies wrongdoing and claims that the treatments are “experimental.” Just another example of the tension between patients who want their medical care covered and companies that are trying to make a profit by denying coverage.
May 15, 2019
Here is a link to an article about how to control your health care costs. The first suggestion made me laugh. It suggested using transparency about hospital pricing to find the best price for the medical service you need. The author must never have tried to find out what hospital services actually cost. While there are published lists of prices, hospitals often charge less or even, in some cases, more. What makes a difference for most of us is what the hospital has agreed to charge our insurance company and that information is a closely guarded trade secret. Transparency, my foot.
May 14, 2019
I have blogged about how to choose the best surgeon for your operation, the best hospital and the best time of the week. Now there is evidence that the time of day of your office appointment can make a difference as well. The concept is called “decision fatigue” and it affects doctors, as it affects most of us, as the day goes on. Doctors seeing patients in the office get tired and harried as they try to see all their patients and do all the things they have to do with each patient. “Decision fatigue” means the care at the end of the doctor’s day is probably not as good as it is early in the day. Doctors who are tired tend to go with the easy decision, which may not always be the best decision for the patient. Read the story linked above for a fuller explanation of “decision fatigue” and get to see your doctor bright and early, if you can.
May 10, 2019
A former major league pitcher has reached a $5.1M settlement with a Massachusetts hospital and an orthopedic surgeon. The settlement came the day before the pitcher’s medical malpractice trial against the hospital and doctor was to begin. The pitcher contended that the doctor botched his back surgery and left him permanently unable to be an effective player. He claimed that his injury occurred, at least in part, because the doctor was doing two operations at the same time. Despite agreeing to pay $5.1M, the doctor and hospital claim they did nothing wrong. We all do that when we haven’t done anything wrong, don’t we?
May 7, 2019
Here is one more thing to add to your worry list: Is your healthcare provider stealing your painkillers? According to a story on CBS News, in 2018, more than 47 million doses of legally prescribed opiods were stolen. 34% of these thefts (almost 16 million doses) occurred at hospitals or medical centers. Still more drugs were stolen at doctor’s offices, long-term care facilities and pharmacies. Fully 67% (over 31 million doses) of all narcotic thefts are committed by doctors and nurses.
One hospital technician in Denver would steal syringes of painkillers off surgical trays and replace them with used syringes she had filled with salt water. She would then shoot up with the stolen syringe, refill it with salt water and wait for the chance to substitute it for another one full of painkiller. Not only was she stealing painkillers from patients who needed them, she was giving them her Hepatitis at the same time. She is now serving 30 years in jail.
Health care providers are not immune to the lure of opiods. In fact, they are uniquely situated to become addicts. They have ready access to the drugs and they work in high stress environments. Researchers believe that the above statistics on drug diversions are only the tip of the iceberg and that much drug theft by doctors and nurses goes undiscovered. Had the Denver technician not been giving Hepatitis to the patients, she might never have been caught.
Keep your eyes open and hope for the best.
May 6, 2019
According to a report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, there has been a substantial uptick in the number of younger Americans between 35 and 64 who are dying of heart failure. Although the exact cause of the rise in deaths is not clear, cardiologists believe it is most likely related to the epidemics of obesity, hypertension and diabetes which are sweeping the nation. Take care of yourselves, people. Don’t become a statistic.
May 2, 2019
The verdict is finally in. The jury in the Insys trial found five top executives guilty of federal racketeering charges for their scheme to market the high-potency, highly-addictive, extremely expensive version of Fentanyl. The scheme involved, among other things, bribing doctors to prescribe the medication to patients who were not eligible to receive it and misleading insurers into paying for it.
May 1, 2019
On the subject of out-of-control drug prices comes this quote from today’s Wall Street Journal, “At least 25 prescription drugs were launched in 2018 at prices exceeding a list price of $30,000 annually or for the course of treatment, according to an analysis for The Wall Street Journal by GoodRx, a group that compares pharmacy prices for prescription drugs. Its analysis doesn’t include hospital-administered drugs.” When will it end? When will Americans be able to get life-saving drugs at a reasonable price?
April 30, 2019
Please file this under “You Must Be Kidding.” The New York Times has a nice article about secrecy in hospital billings and how the price of a simple blood test can vary from hospital to hospital in a given city by as much as $900.00. While hospitals must disclose some of their basic billing amounts, they are not required to disclose how much they have agreed to accept from an insurance company. That is considered a trade secret. Even if you have insurance, this can make a big difference to you since you have to pay a deductible and a co-pay and those are going to be based on the price agreed upon by your insurer and the hospital.
This secrecy is a disgrace and unfair to consumers. Even if you try to find out in advance what you are going to have to pay, you may not be able to get anyone to tell you. Even if someone will tell you, you may find that no one will stand behind that price when it comes time for you to pay the bill. Write your congressperson and insist they do something.
April 29, 2019
That cleanliness is next to godliness is a lesson the medical profession has a hard time putting into practice. Hospitals and doctor’s offices are where the sick people are. When you enter those places, you increase your risk of being infected by germs, bacteria and viruses from another patient. Despite constant reminders in hospitals and medical offices, people don’t always wash their hands or, if they do wash, don’t do it properly. Studies just keep proving this point over and over. Now another study reports a finding made many times before: the doctor’s seemingly clean, white coat is full of germs. The same is true of stethoscopes, phones, tablets, ties and nurse’s uniforms. Before anyone touches you, respectfully ask them to at least wash their hands. Keep your hands to yourself, don’t touch your face and be sure to wash your hands thoroughly as soon as you can after you leave.
April 25, 2019
“Rise and shine, campers.” and don’t forget the breakfast. More proof is always being found to show that your mother was right all along. Breakfast is an important meal, at least if you want to be healthy. The latest research shows that those who usually skip breakfast have an 87% greater chance of dying from heart disease than those who usually eat breakfast. The risk of stroke also goes up dramatically. If you regularly skip breakfast, your risk of stroke is three times that of someone who regularly eats breakfast. Among other things, insulin sensitivity is higher in people who regularly eat breakfast and bad cholesterol is lower. Both of these are good things. Let me know if you want my granola recipe.
April 24, 2019
The Insys trial I discussed on February 12 went to the jury earlier this month. Insys executives are accused of bribing doctors to prescribe their narcotic and to fake records to show that their patients were eligible to receive the extremely potent drug. The jury has been deliberating almost three weeks. I, for one, am curious what is taking so long in a case that sounds pretty straightforward, at least as to some of the defendants.
April 23, 2019
A hospital in Columbus, Ohio has a big problem. Over 30 patients on ventilators died after being deliberately given excessive doses of the potent opiod painkiller, Fentanyl. A single doctor was responsible for all of the overdoses. There are already 27 wrongful death medical malpractice suits pending against the hospital arising out of these overdoses.
The doctor was an employee of the hospital. He has now been terminated. The hospital had procedures in place to prevent doctors from giving too much Fentanyl but this doctor was able to find a way around these limitations. The hospital has now begun settling the wrongful death claims, although it takes the position that at least some of the victims were going to die shortly anyway.
Not only is the hospital facing over two dozen lawsuits, Medicare is threatening to cut off its right to treat Medicare patients because of deficiencies in the hospital pharmacy that allowed the doctor to administer the overdoses. The doctor is fighting to keep his license before the State Medical Board of Ohio.
April 18, 2019
We all need a good night’s sleep, not only to function at our best, but also to avoid many medical conditions that are associated with sleep deprivation.
A new study has concluded that these are the three biggest myths about sleep prevalent today: (1) A person can function well on 5 hours of sleep a night or less; (2) Loud snoring is normal; and (3) Alcohol before bedtime aids sleep. Each of these myths in untrue and each contributes to poor sleep hygiene.
“Sleep,” explains one of the authors, “is a vital part of life that affects our productivity, mood, and general health and well-being.” “Dispelling myths about sleep,” she goes on to explain, “promotes [more healthful] sleep habits, which, in turn, promote overall better health.”
April 17, 2019
Not all the drugs going to addicts are coming across the border. Doctors, all of whom have taken an oath to do no harm and to help patients, are taking advantage of their ability to prescribe narcotics in return for money or sex or both. Here is a link to a story in today’s news about doctor and others making narcotic painkiller available to those with addictions or just about anyone with the money to buy. Next time doctors stand up and tell you they deserve special treatment because they do so much good for society, just remember that they are human beings just like the rest of us and undeserving of special favors.
April 10, 2019
Turns out my wife has been right all along. She constantly preaches the virtues of good hand hygiene. No quick hand rinses for her. She gives it a full 20 seconds with soap and vigorous washing. Recent news stories have reinforced the need for good hand hygiene in light of the surge in antibiotic resistant bacteria. Here is a piece from the Centers for Disease Control about the importance of hand washing and good hygiene. Now go wash up.
April 5, 2019
At last some good news on the health front. Dark chocolate (not milk chocolate) contains a number of compounds that can be beneficial to one’s health. Just don’t go overboard. Dark chocolate is highly caloric and does contain some unhealthy fats along with the good things. It sure does taste good though.
April 2, 2019
If it seems like there is never a nurse around in a hospital when you need one, there is a reason for that. Hospitals are not staffing enough nurses to meet patient needs. Here is a story from the New York Times about nurses threatening to strike at three of the city’s finest hospitals because they say staffing levels leave them unable to safely care for their patients. This is a problem that is not limited to New York. Apparently, only California has a law that mandates a minimum number of nurses based on the patient population. Nursing staff levels should be important to you if you or a family member are going into the hospital.
March 28, 2019
Johnson & Johnson baby powder cases are all over the map. Thousands of cases have been filed against Johnson & Johnson alleging that its popular baby powder has caused cases of ovarian cancer or mesothelioma. Some cases have been defense verdicts in favor of J&J, some have resulted in hung juries or mistrials but some have resulted in multi-million dollar awards in favor of plaintiffs. J&J is appealing the large awards against it.
Yesterday was a busy day for J&J, which faces over 13,000 pending lawsuits. A New Jersey jury found in favor of J&J on a baby powder case. At the same time, J&J settled three cases that were either in trial or just about to begin trial. J&J says that, while it denies its baby powder causes cancer, it looks at each case individually and makes decisions based on the facts of each case.
March 21, 2019
Here is an opinion piece from the New York Times about Eli Lilly’s announcement that it would sell a lower price version of its Humalog insulin. The author’s excellent point is that Lilly is just trying to avoid a publicity nightmare. It sells Humalog in the United States for $275 per vial. It will sell its “authorized generic” Humalog for $137.50 per vial. It sells brand name Humalog in Germany for $50 per vial. Any way you look at it, Lilly is gouging American customers for this life-saving medicine they cannot do without. All because they can.
March 20, 2019
More from the “use it or lose it” front. An interesting experiment in Finland introduced older people 65 to 75 to weight training to offset the effects of aging. Unsurprisingly, all of the participants gained strength and improved in a number of health markers. All good and supportive of the mantra, “Use it or lose it.” What was surprising was how many continued to do weight training after the study completed. About half of the participants continued on their own. Moral: Get off the couch and do something. It may open the door for some healthy surprises.
March 4, 2019
On the drug price front, Eli Lilly has announced that it will sell a less expensive version of its popular Humalog insulin to Type 1 diabetics. Many observers believe this is an attempt by Lilly to get out from under criticism about its pricing of life-saving drugs, especially insulin. On this site and in other places in the news, there have been reports and discussions of Type 1 diabetics having to ration their insulin because they could not afford it. Some have died as a result. Congress is finally looking into this but don’t hold your breath that any concrete action will come in light of the amounts Lilly and others spend on political donations. The new insulin will cost half of what the current Humalog costs and is intended for those with no insurance or with insurance with high deductibles. In its defense, Lilly claims it must keep drug prices high to account for demands that it give price rebates to pharmacy benefit managers and to keep its drugs on lists of insurer approved drugs.
February 21, 2019
One of the largest Medicare fraud trials ever is underway in Miami, Florida. Federal prosecutors say the fraud raked in a billion dollars. They allege that the defendant, who is the chief executive of a company that owns and operates skilled nursing facilities and assisted living facilities, bribed doctors to send their patients to the skilled nursing facilities. After the patients exhausted their 100 days of Medicare coverage, they would be transferred to the company’s assisted living facilities where more charges would be made to Medicare. The Feds also allege that patient information was sold to other fraudsters who used it to bill Medicare for care never provided. To cover up the fraud, it is alleged that the company bribed employees of the Florida watchdog to warn when investigators were going to make an inspection so that non-eligible patients could be hidden away. A number of people involved in the fraudulent scheme have pled guilty and are testifying as part of the government’s case.
February 13, 2019
What malpractice crisis? According to a brand new report, medical malpractice claims continue to decline despite increases in population numbers and increasing numbers of older patients on Medicare needing treatment. Between 2007 and 2013, the rate of malpractice claims in the United States declined by 27%. That is a huge number. According to the report, “While no single factor can be aligned with an across-the-board reduction, changes in the tort environment, improved patient safety, and increasing financial risk for plaintiffs’ attorneys likely contributed.” I wish the reduction were due to improved patient care but everything I see suggests that patients continue to be injured at about the same rates but, largely because juries are so resistant to finding in favor of patients, only cases with the clearest negligence and the greatest damages have any chance of success.
February 12, 2019
At long last, the trial against top executives of Chandler-based drug company Insys is underway in Boston. It is alleged by the federal prosecutors that the Insys executives bribed doctors to inappropriately prescribe its highly potent painkiller to patients who were not eligible to receive it. The painkiller was so powerful and so addictive that the federal government limited it to patients with terminal cancer. A number of doctors and company executives have pled guilty and are co-operating with the prosecutors. Stay tuned.
February 11, 2019
Not only to hospital consolidations not lead to lower prices, new studies reveal they don’t lead to better care either. In fact, they lead to poorer care. Here is a good article on point from the New York Times. Every new piece of information we receive suggests that these mergers are driven by the belief that there is money to be made in consolidation and that is the driving force. It is about time to get what we pay for in health care instead of paying top dollar for less than top care.
February 8, 2019
Another day, another blatant example of a pharmaceutical company ripping off the public. Until recently, a drug called 3,4-DAP was available for free under an FDA program. The drug treats a rare autoimmune disorder that attacks the nervous system. Recently, however, a new company purchased the right to exclusively manufacture the medication. According to this story, it added a preservative, renamed the drug and jacked the price up to more than $375,000 a year. The company notes that patients who need this drug aren’t going to pay that much. The reason they don’t have to pay that much is that you and I and everyone else who has health insurance has to pay extra premiums because of behavior like this. When is Congress going to act to put an end to this kind of outrageous, rapacious behavior? Enough is enough.
February 6, 2019
Women do better on brain testing later in life than do men. A recent study offers a potential explanation. Here is a link to the story as it appeared in Discover magazine. The researchers involved in the study used PET scans to assess the brain’s metabolism, that is its efficiency in using oxygen and glucose. They found that women’s brains acted about 3.8 years younger than the woman’s calendar age. By contrast, men’s brains acted 2.4 years older than the man’s calendar age. The researchers hypothesize that these gender-related changes may set the stage for brain performance differences later in life.
February 4, 2019
In a story related to Friday’s post, a study in a peer-reviewed medical journal reported that for six of the twelve cancers that are obesity related, younger people are at much greater risk of developing these cancers than older people. The six cancers are multiple myeloma, colorectal cancer, uterine cancer, gallbladder caner, kidney cancer and pancreatic cancer. Of course, not everyone who is obese will develop any cancer but being obese, in addition to increasing the risk of many other health ailments, does increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
February 1, 2019
In another wake up call about our increasingly sedentary lifestyle, the American Heart Association announced this week that fully half of all Americans have some form of heart disease. This is a significant increase over past figures but the increase is in large part due to the Association lowering the blood pressure reading which it believes constitutes evidence of heart disease from 140/90 to 130/80. Even if we set aside the change in the blood pressure recommendation, we are left with a large swath of the American public that has some form of heart disease. Poor dietary and exercise habits have left us overweight and in poor physical condition. Heart disease is but one result of these twin scourges. Obesity and Type II diabetes are two other closely linked results. Get off the couch, stop smoking, if you haven’t already, and eat more sensibly. Your heart will thank you for it.
January 29, 2019
The future is coming and it seems to be coming faster and faster all the time when it comes to advances in cancer treatment. Immunotherapy involves stimulating the body’s own immune system to enable it to better fight off infections and cancers. One of the most recent developments is the use of genetically modified herpes virus to treat Stage III melanoma when surgery cannot remove all of the tumor or all of the tumors. According to news reports of the clinical study, almost 40% of the Stage III patients in this three year study had very successful outcomes in which all of the local tumors treated with the modified virus disappeared. Other patients experienced some benefit but not complete disappearance of their tumors. While not all patients improved with the treatment, the researchers were very gratified that they got such a good success rate. As they put it, you cannot ignore a 40% success rate with a melanoma therapy.
January 8, 2019
More good news on the cancer front. 2018 marked the 25th year in a row in which deaths due to cancer have declined. Most of this decline is attributed to the decline in the number of Americans who smoke. Lung cancer deaths, which were the most common, have dropped greatly. Cancer deaths related to obesity are on the upswing, however. The data also continue to show that being poor is harmful to your health. You are more likely to die of cancer if you are poor. This is probably related to a number of causes, including diet, access to good health care and smoking.
December 28, 2018
Beginning January 1, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services will require hospitals to publish their standard charges for services on the internet. The rule is intended to promote transparency in an area that has been historically opaque.
Keep in mind, however, that whatever may be the standard charges, they are like automobile window sticker prices: almost no one actually pays them. They are set high for the purpose of giving the hospital an initial number from which to negotiate. If you have insurance, your insurance company has negotiated substantial discounts from the standard rates with the hospitals in its preferred provider network. For this reason, insurance companies are very insistent that you only go to hospitals in its network. People that don’t have insurance may be billed the standard charge but it is highly unlikely that they have the money to pay the bill. All or some portion usually ends up being written off.
Despite all this, publication of rates is a step in the right direction.
December 10, 2018
No one in the United States should die or suffer permanent physical damage because they cannot afford the cost of the insulin they need to stay alive. Insulin prices have been skyrocketing, almost certainly because of manipulation of the market by the makers of insulin. Here is a story which was heard on NPR’s Morning Edition this morning about some Type 1 diabetics trying to change things. I will talk more about this in a blog post later this week.
December 7, 2018
Some nuggets from the most recent figures on health care spending in the United States in 2017. Health care spending averaged $10,739.00 per person last year. The rate of increase in per capita spending declined for the second straight year. The sickest 5% of the population accounted for nearly half of all health care spending. Health care spending remained at about 18% of the Gross Domestic Product.
December 5, 2018
Good article reminding everyone of questions they should ask whenever a doctor suggests a treatment. Remember that there is no free lunch. Every treatment has some risks. You need to know what they are and whether the treatment is really right for you.
December 4, 2018
Another mainstream media story about the disgrace that is the pricing of life-saving insulin in the United States. Type 1 diabetics need insulin to live. So do some, but not all, Type 2 diabetics. Since 2007, the price of insulin has more than tripled. Many diabetics cannot afford to pay for their insulin and don’t take as much as they should to keep their blood sugars under control. High blood sugars lead to irreversible problems, including blindness, kidney failure, nerve pain and amputations of feet and legs. These end up driving up the costs for all of us. No one in America should die because they cannot afford their medication.
December 3, 2018
If you have been paying any attention at all to the Trump administration’s attempts to lower drug prices, you knew the big drug companies would not take it lying down. The billions they have spent lobbying is paying off again for them. According to this and many other reports, Republican senators are rising in opposition to the plan. What a surprise! There will come a time when the public has had enough but we are probably not there yet.
November 20, 2018
They are at it again. Late last week, pharmaceutical giant Pfizer announced price increases on 41 of its drugs. This came after Pfizer had reduced some prices at the urging of the White House. Apparently, Pfizer now feels emboldened to raise the prices again.
November 14, 2018
Two interesting observations from a study of the leading causes of death across the United States. The study was published this week in the Annals of Internal Medicine, a leading peer-reviewed medical journal.
The first interesting observation is that heart disease, long the leading cause of death in the United States is losing that distinction as we do a better and better job of preventing and treating it. Predictions are that it will be replaced as the leading cause of death in the United States by 2020.
The second interesting observation is that money makes a difference on the leading cause of death. If you live in a wealthy county, your risk of dying from heart disease is substantially less than if you live in a poor county. Rates of death due to heart disease and cancer have been declining for years but they have declined more rapidly in wealthier counties than in poorer ones. In wealthier counties, people are more likely to eat well, to take care of themselves and to get better health care. All of this means they are less likely to get sick from heart disease and get better treatment when they do get it. As I have suggested before, if you want to have good health, move to Silicon Valley and get a job as president of Google.
November 12, 2018
A powerful study into the potential benefits of fish oil and Vitamin D supplements has not found much in the way of benefits in healthy people reports The New York Times. Much has been written about the alleged benefits of fish oil and Vitamin D. There appears to be no question that eating fatty fish regularly is good for you and that good levels of Vitamin D are also important. After that, however, it all gets mysterious. Vitamin D levels may be low in some people due to their existing health issues. Fish oil may be good for you but you have to get it the old-fashioned way, you have to eat the fish. Best advice appears to be the old advice: Eat healthy and get some exercise. There is no magic pill.
November 9, 2018
An Oklahoma jury hit Aetna with verdicts exceeding $26M for refusing to pay for a woman’s cancer treatment when it should have recognized its obligation and paid. The verdict should remind us that whenever you see a large verdict like this in a personal injury case, it usually means that the jury got angry with a defendant.
November 7, 2018
Although I am inclined to take this report with a grain of salt, the next thing in the treatment of cancerous tumors may be the use of viruses. So-called oncolytic viruses are reported to attack only cancer tumors and leave healthy cells alone. The virus reaches the tumor through a receptor that is only found on malignant tumors. Sounds almost too good to be true but I have my fingers crossed.
November 6, 2018
For many years foods and supplements containing antioxidants have been sold on the basis that they protect our healthy cells from free radicals which can damage them and cause them to become cancerous. The latest studies show this is dangerously wrong. Not only is there no strong evidence that antioxidants protect cells from cancerous changes, there is strong evidence that they supercharge existing cancers and encourage metastasis, the process by which cancers seed themselves in other parts of the body. This is especially true with lung cancer and malignant melanoma.
October 31, 2018
Happy Halloween. Perhaps you saw this last week. Medical experts believe lack of regular exercise is worse for you than smoking, obesity, diabetes and heart disease. People who are sedentary have a 500% greater risk of early death than those who are extremely fit. The good news is that it is never too late to begin to exercise. It can be as little as a short walk a couple of times a day. Whatever you do to get moving the way we were intended to move will make you a healthier person.
October 30, 2018
In yesterday’s blog post, I discussed some instances of doctors cutting corners to make a buck. Some of them were pretty despicable. In today’s news there is a story that shows cutting corners to make a buck in medicine is not limited to doctors who regularly treat patients. There is big money and big reputations to be made in medical research and some doctors just cannot resist the temptation to cheat. The cheating reported in this story occurred at some of the highest levels of research and at some of the most respected institutions in the world. Never underestimate the corrupting effect of money. It can happen anywhere.
October 29, 2018
Last week I published a post in our blog about the outbreak of a virus at a long-term pediatric center in New Jersey. Six people had died at the time of my post. I pointed out that the center had a low rating from Medicare and Medicaid. Now comes news that the death toll has reached nine. Very sad for the families of these children and young adults.
October 25, 2018
According to a story in the New York Times today, the long trend of declining deaths due to cardiovascular disease has reversed itself in the group of people who are 35 to 64. If this trend continues, the human toll will be great and the cost to our country in lost lives, lost productivity and unnecessary medical bills will be enormous. We know how to reverse this. It is not rocket science and it does not require spending a lot of money. All it takes is willpower.
Much of the increase in risk is due to the nationwide epidemic of obesity. Lose some weight. This will automatically take care of many of the risk factors. Become physically active. Stop smoking. Monitor your blood pressure and take meds to keep it down, if necessary. Monitor your cholesterol levels and take meds to keep them down, if necessary. If you are an appropriate candidate for a baby aspirin a day, take it. Easy peasy. Now get after it.
October 17, 2018
There is a story on the front page of the Wall Street Journal today which describes the wall of over 100 patents erected by drugmaker AbbVie to protect its big money-making drug, Humira. In the United States, a year’s treatment with Humira costs as much as $60,000.00. The drug is coming off its original patent soon but the “patent thicket” will either legally prevent other drug companies from offering similar medications or will scare them off with the threat of patent lawsuits. Either way, you won’t be seeing any price reductions or competing drugs soon and AbbVie will keep on raking in the profits.
October 16, 2018
Under the heading of “Are you kidding me?”, the CEO of a health care group in Michigan who pleaded guilty in a Medicare/Medicaid fraud scheme involving opioids is required to forfeit over $51,000,000 and to return other assets to the government. The whole fraud scheme was valued at $150,000,000. How can someone steal that much from us? The scheme involved requiring patients to undergo unnecessary medical tests and procedures for which Medicare and Medicaid were billed in return for giving the patients prescriptions for opioids. It is estimated that some 4.2 million unnecessary doses of opioids were dispensed, further adding to the misery of those addicted to them and to the burden on society. The CEO was aided in this by the doctors who worked for his health care group. Thanks to all the health care professionals who made this possible.
October 2, 2018
Those of you who follow our blog know that I frequently comment on the tactics of Big Pharma, especially as it relates to insulin prices. Here is a link to an informative article about the various patent games played by the big pharmaceutical companies to keep the prices of their products high. It basically involves making very small changes to an existing product whose patent is about to expire and patenting the changed product. Sometimes the change is as little as changing the dosage and, therefore, the number of times per day the medication is taken. Tell Congress to put a stop to these practices that drive up the price of medicines for all Americans.
October 1, 2018
At least some of the dancing doctors are coming to justice. I have written about doctors behaving badly and posting videos of themselves and their patients taken without patient permission in the operating room. These social media videos were used by the doctors to generate buzz and business. One of the surgeons from Atlanta has been sued multiple times and has settled four of the suits against her. One settled case was by a woman who claimed that her anesthetized body as seen in the video of the surgeon dancing in the operating room could be identified as her. She sued for invasion of privacy. Another patient complained that she suffered brain damage when her heart stopped during surgery. In both cases the doctor, a dermatologist, was performing plastic surgery. The settlements, as usual, are confidential.
September 20, 2018
Aspirin, the pill often and properly described as a wonder drug, is not good for everyone or everything. As is often said, “There is no free lunch.” Even a drug like aspirin has side effects that can be serious and which argue against its use prophylactically in otherwise healthy people. Recent studies have shown that in healthy, older people, routine aspirin usage causes more harm than good.
This double-blind study of almost 20,000 healthy, older adults was published in the New England Journal of Medicine. It found the daily use of aspirin significantly increased the risk of major hemorrhage, while at the same time not reducing the risk of a cardiovascular event. On the other hand, aspirin therapy has been proven to be valuable in patients who have already experienced a cardiovascular event and are trying to prevent another.
September 19, 2018
A Florida doctor has pleaded guilty to Medicare fraud. She was giving prescriptions for narcotics to patients without requiring them to be present for an examination or making sure the prescription was appropriate. She then faked her medical records to make it appear the patients had come to the office and seen her. She billed Medicare over $50,000 for these visits that had never taken place. She also did her part to perpetuate the opioid crisis by giving opiates to patients who almost certainly did not need them. As part of her plea, she is required to turn in her medical license and agree to be permanently banned from the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
September 6, 2018
In a blog post on August 6, I wrote about some of the reasons your health care costs keep climbing. Here is a link to an article that traces a lot of the problem to the monopoly hospitals have over emergency departments and the resulting ability to charge outrageous prices, not just for emergency care but for all care. In California, from 2002 to 2016, total billed hospital charges increased from $263 billion to $386 billion, even though the total number of admitted patients stayed pretty much the same. The author argues that states must limit this predatory behavior by hospitals and I agree.
September 4, 2018
A Michigan jury recently returned a $135 million verdict in favor of a 17 year-old girl who had been made a quadriplegic when a surgeon performing scoliosis surgery failed to notice the warning signs that the hardware he installed to hold her spine in place was compressing her spinal cord. By the time someone recognized the problem, it was too late.
In all likelihood, the size of the verdict was influenced by the fact that the surgeon in question went on vacation twice following the surgery while his patient lay paralyzed and incontinent. It fell to a different surgeon to recognize the problem and take action but it was too late and the girl will be paralyzed for life.
August 23, 2018
A southern Arizona hospital, Tucson Medical Center, has brought suit against more than two dozen manufacturers and distributors of opiod pain killers to recover the costs of treating patients who have become addicted and who overdose on the opioids. The patients include newborns whose mothers abuse opioids. The hospital estimates it sees about 40 patients a day for opioid-related problems. The hospital alleges that the defendants urged doctors to purchase and prescribe the addictive pain medications knowing that addiction for many would likely result.
August 20, 2018
A doctor who was accused of sexually assaulting a drugged patient in the hospital at night has been convicted by a Houston jury. He admitted sexual contact but claimed that is was consensual. The same jury that convicted him was allowed to determine his sentence and gave him only probation. Likely, the jury responded to the defense argument that his life is already ruined in that he has lost his medical license and will have to register as a sex offender. Prosecutors were reportedly disappointed but said they respected the decision of the jury.
August 15, 2018
I have written in our blog about the outrageous conduct of the big drug companies that dominate the sales of insulin needed by Type 1 diabetics to stay alive. They have driven the price of insulin up and up and up and made huge profits in the process. Here is a lovely article by a Type 1 diabetic about one of the big drug companies investing in a potential cure technology and what this investment may mean for the future. I am going to follow this author.
August 10, 2018
Two brothers, who lost their mother to what may have been a preventable medical incident in the hospital, have developed what is called the Rothman Index to provide a better way of synthesizing data for doctors to alert them to changes in the condition of their hospitalized patients which may need to be addressed and which would not have been otherwise apparent. In addition to various aspects of the vital signs, the index also takes into account nursing observations of the patient. Sounds like a very good tool to assist busy doctors
July 30, 2018
There is a new development in the fight against prostate cancer. Researchers in Australia have found a way to keep complex prostate cancer tumors alive after they have been removed from a patient’s body. This will allow them and others to test new drugs and treatment regimens on actual, complex prostate cancer tumors. Until now, researchers had been limited to tests run on simple tumors that bore little resemblance to those encountered in the real world. This should speed up the process of testing and approving new drugs and procedures directed at prostate cancer. Good news indeed.
July 26, 2018
The New York Times reports on a new book addressing the important role circadian rhythms play in our lives. Many of you may be familiar with circadian rhythms. They are the rhythms that are responsible for jet lag when we travel. Our bodies are triggered by sunrise and sunset to follow certain patterns and we get seriously out of whack when those patterns are disrupted.
Circadian rhythms do not just relate to our sleep/wake cycle, however. They are built into each of our major organ systems. The Times article discusses some truly surprising findings about the effect of when you eat your meals. Often when you eat may be as important or more important than what or how much you eat. Our bodies evolved over time to eat early in the day. When we eat late or snack late, we send conflicting signals to a body that may be preparing for sleep. Eating early in the day and restricting food intake to an 8 to 10 hour window can have major effects on blood pressure, insulin production and stress hormones. Even if you do not read the book, the article is worth a read and worth considering.
July 20, 2018
In medical malpractice cases, only very rarely are criminal penalties involved. The situation is different when the malpractice involves prescribing narcotics to patients who have no medical need for them. Here is a report about a doctor who was tried and convicted for improperly and unnecessarily prescribing opiates to five patients, one of whom died only two days after his last visit to the doctor. Doctors and the medical establishment must take ownership of the opiate crisis and identify and punish the bad actors who sacrifice the health of their patients for a few dollars.
July 12, 2018
I am stunned by the scope of the two medical advances I read about yesterday. Both were discussed in the New York Times.
The first article revealed that researchers have discovered a new way to insert genes into cells to correct for problems. This is what is called “gene editing.” The old way involved using a virus to enter the cell and reprogram it. It took a lot of time and was often ineffective. The new method involves using CRISPR technology to enter the cell. It is fast and more often successful. The first use for this technology is in fighting cancer by reprogramming the body’s immune system to recognize and attack the cancer. Cancers use a variety of techniques to hide themselves from the immune system or to disable it. This reprogramming of immune system T-cells has proven very promising in attacking cancer cells.
The researchers also believe the technology holds promise for treating autoimmune diseases, including Type 1 diabetes, by reprogramming the immune system to stop attacking the host’s own body.
The second article discussed the use of the body’s own mitochondrial cells to repair organs that have been damaged, but not yet killed, by lack of oxygen. The first described use was in newborns who had experienced heart attacks in the womb and who had very little heart muscle function. Mitochondrial cells were harvested from the baby’s abdomen, separated and injected into the heart where they took over for damaged cells and improved heart function for many of the babies.
Researchers believe this treatment will work on adult heart attack patients as well as patients who have had an ischemic stroke. At present there is no way to repair those damaged cells and the patient who has not received prompt treatment for a heart attack or an ischemic stroke will have permanent deficits. This treatment holds the promise of greatly extending the time during which treatment can be given following an event and still be successful.
Hats off to medical researchers for two great advances.
May 25, 2018
I have written in the past about doctors behaving badly on social media. Now CNN reports that at least one “dancing doctor” in Atlanta is facing malpractice suits and is the subject of a medical board investigation. Good.
April 12, 2018
Interesting thoughts by a Stanford doctor about why doctors keep reaching for the opioid prescription pad whenever a patient complains of pain.
April 9, 2018
A Maricopa County oncology practice with 35 offices and 65 physicians has been accused in a federal whistleblower suit of defrauding Medicare to the tune of nearly $8 million. The defendant is accused of double billing, providing unnecessary medical services and overcharging for tests and treatments. The defendant denies all of the allegations.
March 14, 2018
Here is a link to a story about a hospice nurse who says that when she receives patients with a long medication list, the list is always wrong. Sometimes the errors are minor but sometimes they are major and have the potential to cause great harm to the patient. The culprit is the intersection of lots of drugs being prescribed and lots of doctors doing the prescribing. The right hand often does not bother to learn what the left hand is doing. She suggests a master prescription list maintained on line is one possible solution.
As I have written before in our blog, older Americans are prescribed the most medications and are most likely to be the victims of a medication error. Watch out for yourself and for family members who may not be able to watch out for themselves.
March 12, 2018
The Wall Street Journal reports that some Medicare Advantage insurers are moving customers around from one plan to another in order to game the system and collect bonuses from Medicare for running highly rated plans. The practice involves moving customers from a plan being downgraded to a highly rated plan, thereby continuing to collect a Medicare bonus for each patient in a highly rated plan. The goal of Medicare is to encourage Medicare Advantage insurers to run plans that meet the requirements for a high rating. This gaming of the system improves nothing and costs taxpayers plenty.
March 5, 2018
Ethics, smethics. Some doctors just can’t resist selling out their patients for money. Here is another story about a doctor running a “pill mill” and selling addicting painkillers to anyone who will buy. This one is from Alabama but our opiate crisis is a national one. Doctors writing fraudulent prescriptions is not the only way addicts get their drugs but it is a significant way that many do. When doctors finally put the interests of their patients before the almighty dollar, this epidemic will be easier to stop. Conversely, as long as doctors continue to write fraudulent prescriptions, people will be harmed.
February 12, 2018
The California Department of Insurance has opened an investigation into health insurance claims handling procedures by insurance giant Aetna after a former medical director testified under oath that neither he nor any other physician reviewed patient medical records before he ruled on patient requests that Aetna approve certain care. He testified that nurses would review the records and make recommendations to him. Many physicians expressed amazement and shock that Aetna was making decisions of this sort without a physician actually reviewing the cases.
January 30, 2018
I have urged Congress and anyone else who would listen to end the disgrace of outrageously priced drugs. Finally, some action is going to be taken by people who may actually be able to make a difference. The heads of Amazon, JP Morgan and Berkshire Hathaway announced that they are teaming up to reduce health care costs in the United States. For a lot of reasons, they have the know how, the power and the influence to get it done. In response, there was a drop in the stock value of a number of the insurers and pharmacy benefit managers who have been taking huge sums of money out of the system. I don’t want to say that any change would be a good one, but we are pretty close to that point. Things cannot go on as they have. Good luck to these innovators.
January 9, 2018
Somewhat good news and bad news. The somewhat good news: doctors have recognized the importance of a “new” fatty particle in the blood, lipoprotein(a), referred to as lp(a), which is highly associated with early onset coronary artery vessel disease. People with low cholesterol, good diets, low body fat and good exercise habits were having massive heart attacks at a young age. Doctors could find no risk factors until they discovered the presence of high levels of lp(a) in these individuals. The bad news: There is no known treatment for high lp(a). Normal cholesterol drugs have very little effect on it. However, now that its importance has been recognized, new efforts are underway to develop a drug to treat it.
January 8, 2018
Another example of monitors not properly monitoring the monitors. The State of California has fined the University of California San Diego Health hospital for failing to notice that a heart monitor had been disconnected. The unfortunate patient had undergone angioplasty with placement of a stent to address narrowing of his coronary arteries. He was placed on a heart monitor following the procedure. At around 0530 of the morning following the surgery, the monitor became disconnected. This resulted in the display showing a flat line and the monitor alarming. The monitor was being watched by a technician in a separate room who had many monitors to watch and who failed to notice this one, because he said it was off to the side. He could not hear the alarm in his room. The nurse caring for the patient was not in the patient’s room. He reported that the alarm was audible for only 10 to 15 feet outside the patient’s room and that he did not hear it until approximately 0600. When he entered the room, the patient was unresponsive. He was later declared dead. Of course, the hospital claims that changes have been made to keep this from happening again. It should never have happened in the first place.
January 4, 2018
Informative story in the New York Times today about the importance of dietary fiber and the mysterious ways in which it protects us from disease, regulates blood sugar, moderates immune responses and generally does good things for us. Worth a read. Link here.
January 2, 2018
Researchers in Denmark and Germany have announced that they have been able to inhibit the ability of the Ebola virus to replicate itself. Replication is the way in which viruses spread themselves and infect people. The findings are limited to cell cultures in the laboratory at present but researchers hope to move on to animal studies soon.
December 21, 2017
It is impossible to escape the evidence that exercise is good for you and being sedentary is not. Study after study has shown that even a little exercise is better than none and that vigorous exercise is good for the joints, the organs, the brain and pretty much every other part of you. A new study found a relationship between the amount of time people spend sitting and higher than normal levels of troponin, a marker for the presence of damage to the heart. This was only an observational study, which means that all it did was document the relationship. It did not prove that the higher troponin levels were caused by too much sitting but the evidence is strong that there is a relationship between sedentary behavior and heart disease and damage. This Christmas season, when so many of us will overeat and spend time sitting with family or in front of the television, is a good time to remember to get out and take a long walk.
December 15, 2017
The latest edition of doctors behaving badly brings us two wild and crazy stories about surgeons. The first involves a highly respected surgeon in Britain. He is not quite as highly respected as he was before a subsequent surgeon found that he had branded his initials into the liver of a patient on whom he had operated. Turns out this was the second patient he had branded with a laser.
The second surgeon was from the State of New York. During an outpatient operation for repair of varicose veins, he used his cell phone to take an oral Spanish proficiency exam. According to his attorney, this was the only time he could take the examination. His patient, who speaks Spanish and was under only local anesthesia, claims to have been terrified during the operation as she heard him taking the examination.
November 29, 2017
A new technique in cancer treatment involves the use of nanoparticles to reach cancer stem cells hiding in the body after successful cancer treatment. New research has discovered that there are such things as cancer stem cells. Like other stem cells, these cells have the ability to develop into a variety of tissue but in their case it is always a cancer tumor. These cells, and there may be only a few of them, can hide in the body after successful treatment has killed all the other cancer cells. These stem cells can develop into new cancer tumors years after the earlier cancer was eradicated. The drug used with the nanoparticles is a common prescription medication which has the ability to turn off the genes in the cancer stem cells that allow them to stem. This effectively stops their ability to seed new cancers in the body.
November 17, 2017
There has been another new development in the battle against Type 1 diabetes. I am very interested because my young grandson was diagnosed with Type 1 when he was three. In the latest advance, which appears to hold substantial promise, researchers used gene therapy to reprogram blood cells to reduce the immune response of the body. When applied to diabetic mice, the therapy reversed their Type 1 diabetes and made them normoglycemic in the short run. In the long run, fully one-third of the mice remained normoglycemic. Very impressive.
November 14, 2017
New guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology have significantly lowered the threshold for what constitutes hypertension or high blood pressure. Instead of 140/90, the new threshold is 130/80. Under the new guideline fully 46% of the American people will be hypertensive, including many young people. The medical community wants these people to reduce their blood pressure readings by healthier eating and more exercise as opposed to medication. The sooner in life one begins this regimen, the better for their overall health. Healthier eating and exercise is good advice for anyone.
November 9, 2017
When asked to name things which can cause cancer, very few Americans would list drinking alcohol. While we are well-aware of many of the dangers posed by alcohol, we don’t usually think of cancer. Even moderate drinking is associated with an increase in the risk of breast cancer in women and increased risk of mouth, throat and esophageal cancers in men and women. Those who warn us of this risk do not urge us to stop drinking. They do urge that, if we drink, we drink moderately and, if we do not drink, do not start. This is sobering advice.
October 27, 2017
When there is big money to be made, medical ethics fall by the wayside for some doctors and patients and the public pay the price. The billionaire doctor heading a drug company that makes a potent synthetic opioid spray for terminal cancer patients has been arrested by federal agents for engaging in a scheme to bribe doctors to prescribe his company’s products to patients who were not candidates for it. The drug was very expensive with a 30 day supply costing anywhere from $3,000 to $30,000. Here is a link to the story. The scheme required the bribed doctors to lie about the condition of their patients in order to get insurance companies or Medicare to pay for the drug. A number of patients have claimed they were harmed by receiving this extremely potent narcotic drug when they did not need it. The more potent the narcotic, the greater the danger of addiction. More patients will undoubtedly step forward as this scheme becomes more widely known.
October 19, 2017
There is an increasing incidence of throat and neck cancers among men caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). As with so many other things, smoking makes things worse. Here is a story about the situation. The important part of the story is that there is a vaccine which is safe and is effective against the forms of the virus that are most likely to cause these cancers. More girls get the vaccination, which prevents uterine cancers in women, than do boys. To be most effective, however, the vaccine should be administered before a male has his first sexual contact. The CDC recommends vaccination at ages 11 and 12. Parents get your sons vaccinated.
October 16, 2017
Here is a nice article on the microbes which share our living spaces with us and the extent to which many of them turn out to be good for us. It is widely believed that living in a completely antiseptic environment gives the immune system nothing to do and it sometimes responds by deciding that our own organs are invaders who need to be attacked. Don’t make that house too clean.
October 12, 2017
Money and greed leads to schemes to steal from all of us. Four Houston area hospitals were caught receiving kickbacks from ambulance companies in exchange for the hospitals using these companies to transport Medicare and Medicaid patients. The hospitals agreed to pay $8.6 million to settle the kickback claims, which were brought by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
October 9, 2017
Here is a feel-good story with a call to action. Researchers have discovered a way to address a rare form of brain disease that strikes mostly young boys and kills them by the time they turn 10. The treatment involves a bone marrow transplant which is often effective in stopping the disease in its tracks. There is, however, a catch. Treatment must be initiated before the child develops significant symptoms. Without some advance warning that your child might be at risk for this rare disease, by the time it is diagnosed, it is already too late. This is where the call to action comes in. Children can be screened for the genetic mutation responsible for the disease and, if the test is positive, they can be monitored so that the treatment can be given in a timely manner, if they show signs of developing a serious form of the disease. Only a handful of states require routine testing of children for this disease, ALD (adrenoleukodystrophy). Don’t let the children of your state be killed by this disease. Lobby your representatives to require routine testing in your state.
October 4, 2017
As if we needed more evidence that being poor adversely affects health, a new study from the University of California at Irvine demonstrates that children born in affluent neighborhoods are less likely to be born prematurely or to be low weight at the time of birth than children born in poorer neighborhoods. It appears not just to be the result of better educated, healthier parents in the more affluent neighborhoods but also more community resources are available in these areas to support expectant mothers.
September 6, 2017
A new study concludes that PSA testing does reduce overall deaths from prostate cancer, a question which had been the subject of much debate. Unfortunately, this reduction in the overall death rate comes at the price of serious overtreatment of prostate cancer. According to physicians who specialize in prostate cancer, for every one life saved by early testing, five men receive aggressive treatment they do not need. This is significant because the three definitive treatments for prostate cancer all are likely to leave the patient impotent or incontinent or both. In our Blog post on Monday, I will discuss strategies physicians are employing to persuade patients to choose watchful waiting over aggressive treatment which is likely to change their lives in unpleasant ways.
August 31, 2017
The poor citizens of Texas cannot catch a break. Just as southeast Texas is being inundated with a flood of biblical proportions, a new insurance law passed by the Republican-controlled legislature is scheduled to take effect tomorrow. The law is a gift to the insurance industry, which undoubtedly contributed substantial amounts to the legislators who passed the new law.
The law places new limitations on claims by policyholders that their property or homeowners’ insurer has delayed or unfairly denied a claim for property damage. The aggrieved homeowner must send a notice of claim to the insurance company and offer the insurance company a “reasonable” opportunity to inspect the property before suit can be filed. Of course, any reasonable insurance company trying to do the right thing will have inspected the loss long ago. Since the property owner’s suit will be abated if these requirements are not met, there will undoubtedly be litigation about whether the notice was sufficient and the opportunity to inspect was “reasonable.” The law also limits what attorney’s fees can be awarded the property owner which will make it harder for the property owner to get legal representation. The law does not in any way restrict what the insurance company can pay its lawyer or what it can recover, if the property owner loses the case. All in all a slap in the face of consumers who were already facing property damage hell due to Hurricane Harvey.
August 30, 2017
Watch your step. According to a story in yesterday’s Wall Street Journal, physicians can learn a lot by watching how older Americans walk. Very small gait disturbances can signal the onset of cognitive problems, including dementia and Alzheimer’s, years before any symptoms appear. The linkage is based on the fact that the executive functioning of the brain is very important to walking. Deterioration in the portion of the brain which controls executive functioning affects gait. Scientists are studying whether exercises to improve cognitive functioning can be effective in staving off brain decline and in reducing the risk of falls for elderly patients.
August 18, 2017
Here is a link to a short post about selected medical malpractice awards to plaintiffs in the first half of 2017. Notably, the number of medical malpractice filings continue to decline in response to the hostile jury climate. Doctors and hospitals continue to win most of the cases which go to trial and legislatures, including Congress, continue to enact laws to make it harder for victims of malpractice to recover and to hold down the verdict when they do.
August 14, 2017
It seems these days as if science fiction writers cannot catch a break. No matter how outlandish their predictions about our future, science keeps turning those predictions into reality. The latest example is the news that scientists have figured out a way to modify the genes in pigs to eliminate retroviruses which have been one of the greatest barriers to using pig organs for transplant into humans. If pigs can be raised for organ donation, it will open a whole new frontier in transplant technology. No more shortage of organs. No more years-long waiting lists for transplants. The only ones not enthused about this are the pigs. Oink.
August 11, 2017
We have discussed in our blog the problems associated with the use of power morcellators during uterine fibroid surgery. Here is a link to the latest FDA warnings concerning the risk of power morcellators spreading an unsuspected cancer during routine fibroid surgery. In sum, the FDA says the risk is too great and that power morcellators should not be used for most patients. While this is an important warning, it was long overdue.
July 12, 2017
Researchers in Great Britain believe they can scan the heart with such precision that they can identify fat cells which are becoming the atherosclerotic plaque deposits which clog coronary arteries and cause heart attacks. Here is a link to a story describing their findings. If successful in early detection, the researchers believe doctors can prescribe medications or other therapies which will stop the plaque formation and avoid the later necessity for interventional procedures such coronary artery bypass grafting and stenting.
June 26, 2017
Two interesting medical malpractice verdicts were returned this year in cases involving loss of a testicle. Both were in Pennsylvania but one was in the more liberal Philadelphia area while the other was in the more conservative western part of the state. In the Philadelphia case, the jury returned an $8.5M verdict after a man lost a testicle due to a failure to diagnose testicular torsion, a twisting of the blood vessels causing a loss of blood flow and subsequent tissue death. In the more conservative side of the state, a jury awarded only $870,000 when a surgeon who was to remove a cancerous testicle instead removed its healthy neighbor. This despite the fact that testimony showed the cancerous testicle was twice the size of the healthy one. The second verdict included a $250,000 punitive damage award so it is clear the second jury was very unhappy with the surgeon. There was no punitive damage award in the first case. The two very different valuations for loss of a testicle show that sometimes there is just no way to predict what a jury will do.
June 12, 2017
What prompts a patient in the emergency department to agree to undergo a diagnostic test or, in the alternative, to refuse? A recent experiment performed on line by the Michigan Center for Integrative Research in Critical Care tried to answer that question by comparing outcomes with changes in risk, benefit and cost. Perhaps predictably so, the most important variable was cost. If the insurance company was paying the whole cost of the test, patients were usually willing to have the test. If patients had to pay themselves, they were less likely to have the test if the cost was high, the risk of the test was high or the benefits of the test were low. In deciding how to keep health care costs down or how to prevent doctors from ordering tests for their benefit and not that of the patient, the results of this study shows us the importance of the patient “having some skin in the game.” Patients who have some economic interest in whether the test is done or not will not always agree to go along and may actually make reasoned decisions. On the other hand, as pointed out by the study’s authors, you don’t want patients foregoing needed tests because they cannot afford them.
June 9, 2017
I have a grandson with Type 1 diabetes. Things are rapidly changing in his world. A new insulin pump has been approved that communicates with a glucose sensor, the first iteration of what has been called “the artificial pancreas.” Another development is far from being approved for human use but is intriguing nonetheless. Researchers are working to develop a tattoo that will change color depending on the person’s blood sugar levels. Here is a link to a story about this and tattoos that monitor other biological functions as well.
June 5, 2017
The results of a small test using new cell and gene therapy to cure multiple myeloma, a form of blood cancer, have been surprisingly good. Every one of the 35 patients in the study responded favorably to the treatment. All but two achieved some form of remission. The ability of a therapy to prove successful with 100% of the patients receiving it is almost unprecedented. Further testing with larger cohorts will be necessary and only time will tell how well the first 35 patients continue to do but the results to date are extremely impressive.
The test was run by Chinese researchers and the results announced at a conference of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
May 15, 2017
Although they don’t know why, doctors in Australia have found that colds, the flu and other respiratory illnesses significantly increase the risk of heart attack according to a study published in the Internal Medicine Journal. The risk of heart attack was 17 times higher in the first 7 days after symptoms of the respiratory infection appeared. Among the possible explanations are that these respiratory infections increase blood clotting and inflammation, both of which are known factors in causing heart attacks.
March 29, 2017
Fake doctors committing malpractice are in the news again. A fake doctor in Florida who was performing procedures to make patients’ rear ends look better has been convicted and sentenced to ten years in prison. The fact that she was using a mixture of cement, bathroom caulking and mineral oil did not help her case.
Make sure your doctor is licensed and both trained and experienced in the procedure you are contemplating. This is especially important when considering a cosmetic procedure as many doctors who do not have training in plastic surgery are holding themselves out as plastic surgeons to take advantage of the booming market in cosmetic procedures.
March 27, 2017
Hardly a day goes by without some encouraging news in the fight against Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the person’s own body destroys the pancreatic cells which make insulin. Without insulin to provide energy to the cells, you die. There is no cure and the effects of uncontrolled Type 1 can be fatal. Today’s news involves discovery of a biomarker which may identify those at risk of developing Type 1 diabetes. Once the autoimmune process begins, it can go quickly and, if not recognized in time, can result in the dangerous and sometimes fatal condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis. Additionally, research has shown some promise in slowing the onset of Type 1 diabetes in patients who still have some pancreatic function remaining at time of diagnosis so early detection can be valuable in a number of ways.
March 23, 2017
Sepsis is a serious and widespread infectious process which affects the organ systems of the body. It often causes them to fail which results in death. It is reported to be the most costly medical condition in the United States.
It is difficult to reverse sepsis once it takes hold and there is a high incidence of death among sepsis patients. In what may turn out to be one of the more important medical discoveries in years, a team of physicians from Norfolk, Virginia has conducted a small study in which the mortality rate for patients with advanced sepsis was reduced from 40% to 8%. Even more surprising was the fact that they accomplished this with the intravenous use of three routine, low cost and low risk substances: Vitamin C, hydrocortisone and thiamine. While more study is needed, the treatment is not one likely to harm the patient and may be a huge breakthrough in the treatment of this often deadly complication.
March 21, 2017
During the Great Recession of 2008-2011, the annual numbers of new cases of lung, prostate and colorectal cancers dropped. In view of the aging of the baby boomer population, the numbers should have been going the other way. This got researchers thinking. Was this a real drop or were people just too spooked to spend money on the medical testing and visits they would have had but for the recession? Turns out it was the latter and the drop was found to exist every time we have had a big recession. Not going to the doctor or not getting your routine screening may save some money in the short run but allows undetected cancers to take root. As the old car repair ad said, “Pay me now or pay me later.” The later bill can be a whopper when it is due to untreated cancer.
March 20, 2017
When Willie Sutton, the famous bank robber, was asked why he robbed banks, he is reported to have responded, “Because that’s where the money is.” Well, today the money is in the Medicare system, which dispenses hundreds of billions of dollars of federal money each year. That amount of money is bound to attract fraudsters and it does. Doctors, nurses, nursing home operators and others routinely submit false claims to Medicare and make off with hundreds of millions of dollars each year. Last week the Department of Justice announced the guilty plea of a Houston area nurse who assisted a hospital and nursing home operator in the submission of over $5,000,000 of false claims. The operator paid illegal kickbacks to get patients referred to his facilities and submitted invoices for care that was either medically unnecessary or was never provided. When they do this, they steal from all of us. The defendant will be sentenced in August.
February 21, 2017
There is medical malpractice and then there is really bad medical malpractice. The latter tripped up a Dallas area neurosurgeon who was either (take your pick) so incompetent that he maimed several people permanently or acted intentionally to injure them. He was convicted of the felony of intentionally or with criminal negligence injuring an elderly person. He has been sentenced to life in prison. Why can’t the medical profession identify and remove these people before they damage so many people?
February 16, 2017
Fascinating news out of the New England Journal of Medicine. Your likelihood of becoming becoming a long-term user of opiod medications is influenced greatly by the attitudes of the emergency department doctor you see following an injury. This is especially true if you are an older American. If the doctor is aggressive about prescribing narcotic pain medications, your chances of long-term use are much greater than if the doctor uses narcotics sparingly. How you start treatment of an injury has lasting consequences. Long-term narcotic use is particularly bad for older Americans as it increases the risk of falls, constipation, confusion and addiction. Here is a link to a New York Times article on the subject.
February 14, 2017
The American College of Physicians has just issued some new guidelines for the treatment of back pain not caused by discs pinching nerves. The guidelines are based upon a review of more than 150 studies of patients with back pain. Put in their simplest terms, the guidelines urge that patients try exercise, heat, massage, acupuncture and spinal manipulation first. If these are not effective, physicians should consider addressing possible depression in patients with chronic back pain. Only if all these are ineffective should drugs be considered and then physicians should begin with over the counter medications like Advil. The last and final resort among medications should be opiods and then only after a thorough discussion of the risks and benefits of their use. Opiods, when used, should be prescribed in the smallest possible dose and for the shortest possible time to address the problem.
February 7, 2017
As if we needed another reminder, here is another study showing the positive benefits of exercise, this time on the heart. This study showed that gene expression was affected by endurance exercise in mice. Other studies on humans have shown better weight control, better control of lipids, improved mood, better blood flow to the brain, increased formation of new brain cells, delayed effects of aging and on and on. Pretty much nothing is better for you than exercise and it is never too late to get up off the couch and start doing something.
February 2, 2017
We have blogged in the past about antibiotic resistant bacteria being spread by endoscopes, which are long, slender, tubular optical instruments used to examine the inside of the body such as the colon or the stomach. Very little attention was given to the problem at first but then people started dying. It was thought that the problem was that the institutions in question had simply not been thorough enough in cleaning their endoscopes between use. Now a study out of Minnesota shows that it is nearly impossible to completely clean the scopes. Most of them develop small scratches or dents which complicate the cleaning process. However, even those which are not damaged, have crevasses and tight spaces that provide a refuge for bacteria. This is very worrisome as endoscopes are necessary for a great many important medical procedures. If they can’t be adequately cleaned no matter how hard the hospitals try, how risky is it to have one used on you and is it worth that risk?
November 16, 2016
There is good news and bad news about cholesterol and atherosclerotic disease. For years doctors have been prescribing statins to lower bad cholesterol in their patients. Many of the original statins are off patent now and very inexpensive. This is a real boon for the many Americans with high cholesterol. While statins help keep plaque deposits from forming by keeping the levels of bad cholesterol in check, they do not reduce the plaque deposits which are already there. The good news is that a new class of drugs has been developed which, when given along with aggressive doses of statins, can actually reduce the amount of plaque in the arteries. The amount of plaque reduction was not very great but the length of the study period was not that long and researchers are hopeful that with more time there will be an even greater reduction in the amount of plaque. They also hope that additional research will result in a more effective medication. The bad news is that a year’s treatment costs $14,000 and many insurers refuse to pay for it.
October 25, 2016
A very scary article appeared in today’s New York Times. It pointed out that, at least so far, the Zika virus has not damaged many babies. By contrast cytomegalovirus (CMV) has damaged many babies and yet there is very little awareness of the risk it presents or advice to pregnant women on how to avoid it. Pregnant women need to be aware of CMV, the damage it can cause their unborn babies, how to avoid it, and how to test their babies for it after they are born. Certainly worth your time to read.
October 21, 2016
Another example of doctors behaving badly. A doctor and his co-conspirator were sentenced in Louisiana for their roles in a scheme which defrauded you and me and the Medicare system of $34M. As is often the case, it was a home health care scheme. And, of course, they used “Christian” in the name of their health care business.
October 14, 2016
The Justice Department just announced that Yavapai Regional Medical Center of Prescott, Arizona will pay the Department of Health and Human Services $5.85 million to resolve charges that it violated the False Claims Act by misreporting the number of hours worked by its employees and thereby significantly overcharging the Medicare program.
October 4, 2016
Surprisingly, or perhaps not so surprisingly, a recent study has shown that your doctor does not leave his or her political beliefs behind at the office door. While on most issues, political affiliation does not affect medical care or advice, there are some hot-button social issues that apparently influence the advice doctors give their patients. The study noted the differences most acutely on issues such as abortion, guns in the home where children are present and marijuana usage. Doctors are people too and, like us, their world view affects all aspects of their private and work lives.
September 24, 2016
A Baltimore jury awarded $10 million this week to the family of a man given a medication which destroyed his colon and killed him. The award was made against the University of Maryland Medical System. The system expressed diappointment at the jury’s verdict and promised an appeal.
September 13, 2016
Here is a very informative article on prostate cancer screening. Among other things, it points out the slow growth of most prostate cancers and the dire physical consequences of most prostate cancer treatments. The digital rectal examination, known and loved by all men, is no better at detecting prostate cancer than the PSA test, so there is no need to do it. The PSA test, however, is prone to false positives unrelated to prostate cancer. These false positives result in unneeded tests and treatment. Even if prostate cancer is found to exist, it usually does not need to be treated and the man will likely die of something else before the prostate cancer can kill him. For this reason, many in the medical profession recommend against even routine PSA testing for most men. An interesting medical question which men should discuss with their primary care physician before having another PSA test.
September 7, 2016
A Missouri woman was recently awarded $570,000.00 in a jury trial arising out of a medical malpractice claim. The plaintiff went to a pain clinic to have an injection done for back pain. Somehow during the procedure, the doctor broke off a 1 1/2 inch hypodermic needle in her back. Efforts to remove the needle have been unsuccessful. It has been in her back for the past seven years and is probably there for life. The pain clinic says it will appeal.
September 2, 2106
On August 31, I wrote about a San Diego area doctor who was trading narcotic prescriptions for sex. According to the DEA, the number of victims has grown to at least 25 with more people coming forward everyday. Sounds like he had a busy practice.
August 31, 2016
The bad news just keeps on coming for the medical profession. Lawyers often have a bad reputation in the community but there are far fewer stories in the news about lawyers engaging in the kind of gross misconduct being reported about doctors. Here is today’s story. A doctor was arrested today in the San Diego area and accused of prescribing narcotic painkillers to his patients with the intent to get them addicted and then trade sex for the prescriptions they would need to satisfy their addiction. You can’t get much lower than that.
August 26, 2016
Although it may sometimes seem that we are always critical of the medical profession, we do try to recognize those occasions when they make some of the many contributions they make to our well-being. Today is one of those days. Orlando Regional Hospital and Florida Hospital, two hospitals to which the victims of the Orlando nightclub shooting were taken for treatment, have announced that they will not be sending any bills to the victims or their families. If there is health insurance, they will accept that for the treatment they provided but if there is no health insurance or if the insurance is not enough to cover all of the bills, the hospitals will not seek reimbursement. These are indeed hospitals which are members of the community and which take their responsibilities as caregivers seriously. Thank you, Orlando Regional and Florida Hospital.
August 25, 2016
Not sure how I missed this. In March Olympus Corporation of America agreed to pay over $623M to the government to resolve criminal and civil charges that it had been bribing physicians and hospitals and paying kickbacks for years to get them to use its products. Olympus is the world’s largest manufacturer of the scopes used in diagnostic procedures. The Olympus settlement is the largest in the history of the U.S. Anti-Kickback laws and is the product of a whistleblower complaint by a former compliance officer. That gentleman stands to receive $51M of the settlements as his reward for exposing the company and assisting the government in collecting the fines. Almost makes it worthwhile to be an ex-employee.
August 23, 2016
In 1999, the seminal study of hospital deaths caused by medical malpractice, “To Err Is Human,” concluded that approximately 98,000 people died in hospitals in the United States each year as a result of malpractice. An article in the BMJ recently concluded that with today’s population size, the figure is more likely 250,000 per year. In an OpEd piece which appeared last week in the New York Times, a physician takes issue with that estimate and argues that focusing on deaths caused by malpractice may be distracting us from other, real harms caused to living patients by malpractice. It makes for an interesting read.
July 26, 2015
This is the biggest health news I have seen in the last 20 years. A new study reported at a recent medical conference on dementia and Alzheimer’s found that a simple computer exercise performed over the course of 15 one-hour sessions reduced the chances of dementia by almost 50% over the next 10 years in the study group, which included individuals from their 60’s to their 90’s. Here is a link. It is not clear from the article whether the term “dementia” as used in the article includes Alzheimer’s or not but a big story even if it does not diminish the risk of Alzheimer’s.
June 22, 2016
Federal authorities have announced what they describe as the largest health care fraud crackdown ever. The defendants, who include among them 30 physicians, are accused of defrauding the Medicare and Medicaid programs of over $900 million. The scams included phony patients, phony prescriptions, unnecessary treatments and medical devices never delivered. Fraud is widespread and a major driver of health care costs. If your goal is to keep down the costs of medical treatment, control fraud before you ask citizens to give up their right to be compensated when they have been victimized by medical malpractice.
June 14, 2016
This week I blogged about caring doctors and asked where we as a society would be without them. Early Sunday morning, tragedy struck Orlando, Florida. Many dedicated doctors, nurses and other medical professionals were there to answer the call. Thank you to them and to all who stand ready to help us in our hour of need. Here is a brief story from one of them. I am sorry that I cannot get the picture into this post. It is very moving, as is his story. His new shoes are soaked with blood.
These are my work shoes from Saturday night. They are brand new, not even a week old. I came to work this morning and saw these in the corner my call room, next to the pile of dirty scrubs.
I had forgotten about them until now. On these shoes, soaked between its fibers, is the blood of 54 innocent human beings. I don’t know which were straight, which were gay, which were black, or which were hispanic. What I do know is that they came to us in wave upon wave of suffering, screaming, and death. And somehow, in that chaos, doctors, nurses, technicians, police, paramedics, and others, performed super human feats of compassion and care.
This blood, which poured out of those patients and soaked through my scrubs and shoes, will stain me forever. In these Rorschach patterns of red I will forever see their faces and the faces of those that gave everything they had in those dark hours.
There is still an enormous amount of work to be done. Some of that work will never end. And while I work I will continue to wear these shoes. And when the last patient leaves our hospital, I will take them off, and I will keep them in my office. I want to see them in front of me every time I go to work. For on June 12, after the worst of humanity reared its evil head, I saw the best of humanity of come fighting right back. I never want to forget that night.
Dr. Joshua Corsa M.D, EMT-P
Orlando Regional Medical Center
Senior Resident, Department of Surgery
June 7, 2016
A resident’s life is not an easy one. Residents work long hours learning the ins and outs of the medical specialty they have chosen. It is a very stressful time. Unresolved stress leads to burn out and increases the risk of medical errors. A number of institutions have recognized this problem and have developed programs modeled on one created by the Defense Department for active-duty military personnel and their families. They call it “resiliency training.” The data so far suggests that the programs have been successful in assisting the residents to develop coping skills which they can use when faced with the inevitable pressures and losses of residency and beyond. Here is a link to a story in the Wall Street Journal about the programs.
June 2, 2016
Dirty duodenoscopes are in the news again. I have blogged about them on a number of occasions in the past. My most recent post is here. It has links to older posts on the subject. Here is a link to a story in yesterday’s Los Angeles Times reporting that at Huntington Hospital in Pasadena 16 patients contracted serious bacterial infections from the dirty scopes and 11 of them had died. Interestingly, only one of the death certificates listed the bacterial infection as a cause of death. An investigation by the Pasadena Public Health Department blamed both design errors by the manufacturer and procedural errors by the hospital for the bacterial outbreak.
May 31, 2016
The Wall Street Journal has an article up about advances in testing for prostate cancer. Basically, there are two types of prostate cancer: the aggressive kind, which is likely to kill you, and the more indolent kind, where it is more likely you will die from something else before the cancer can get you. The new tests, many of which are expensive, often do a better job than traditional biopsies of detecting the presence of prostate cancer and assessing its aggressiveness. There is great merit in distinguishing between the aggressive form of prostate cancer and the less aggressive form which may only require careful monitoring. All three of the primary treatments for prostate cancer, prostatectomy, brachytherapy, and radiation therapy, leave patients with a greater than 50% likelihood of not being able to generate a functional erection. If you have the less aggressive form of prostate cancer, it is important to resist societal and family pressures to “do something about it.” Many who “do something about it” live to regret it. The new tests give greater reassurance that a less aggressive prostate cancer can be safely left alone and watched carefully.
May 26, 2016
On the subject of Medicare fraud, which steals from all of us, the Justice Department has just intervened in an existing whistleblower lawsuit alleging Medicare fraud by Prime Healthcare Services. Prime operates 14 hospitals, most of which are in Southern California. The Justice Department intervention comes after the government filed papers indicating its investigation had “yielded sufficient evidence” of Medicare fraud to justify its intervention and participation in the suit. The Justice Department’s decision to participate raises the stakes and makes it more likely that the whistleblower plaintiff will prevail in proving the alleged fraud, which is estimated to be approximately $50,000,000.00. Here is a link to the story in the Los Angeles Times. Prime denies all wrongdoing. We shall see.
April 18, 2016
We have blogged on a number of occasions about deadly superbug infections being spread by scopes used in endoscopic procedures. The blog posts can be found here, here, and here. There were outbreaks at a number of major hospitals and many people were killed or badly injured by the infections. The FDA has been investigating these incidents and the scopes which were used. One of the problems is that the manufacturer’s instructions for decontaminating the scopes after use were insufficient to actually clean them and when the scopes were used on the next patient, they were still dirty and infected. Now an article in the Los Angeles Times reports that more people were injured by these dirty scopes than previously thought. You can read the article here. As I mentioned in the last blog post, this story just keeps getting worse and worse.
April 13, 2016
Lots of scary news recently about the Zika virus. It is apparently even more damaging to unborn babies than previously thought. It can also cause some terrible damage to the neurological systems of adults. The mosquitoes which carry the virus have been found in 30 of the 50 states in the United States. This is a major health issue which deserves your attention, regardless of age or sex. Here is a link to the Zika virus page of the Centers for Disease Control. Please review it and keep going back as it will be updated as new information becomes available.
March 31, 2016
A few weeks ago, I reported in this space about new guidelines by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention directed to doctors who prescribe opiate pain medications. The recommendations were to prescribe and little as necessary for as short a period as possible. They also recommended that prescribers check state databases for prescription drug usage (PDMP’s) to be sure their patients were not doctor shopping or already taking too much in the way of pain medications. The recommendation was for doctors to check before beginning to prescribe opioid painkillers and then regularly thereafter. However, according to news reports, this aspect of the recommendations are encountering some push back from physicians who claim it is an undue burden on them to check databases. We will have to see how this plays out but the databases are an important resource in the fight against prescription drug abuse.
March 23, 2016
I recently blogged about wrong patient/wrong site surgery. Today’s news has a story about a wrong site surgery at the Yale New Haven Hospital. The surgeons were supposed to remove the patient’s eighth rib due to a growth. She alleges and they admit that they removed the seventh rib instead. The patient claims that immediately after a radiologist informed her that the wrong rib had been removed, one of the surgeons approached her and told her that they had not removed enough rib and for that reason she would need another surgery. The hospital claims that it never misled the patient about the mistake.
March 21, 2016
Many people have to take warfarin, a blood thinner, for long periods of time to reduce the risk of blood clot formation. There is a substantial risk associated with warfarin usage, however, because if the level of warfarin gets too high, it can cause spontaneous bleeding and even a hemorrhagic stroke. Warfarin levels are sometimes hard to keep at safe levels as certain foods can affect them. Those taking warfarin need to be checked regularly to make sure their levels are appropriate. There have been reported problems with a small device which is often used by doctors to measure warfarin levels. The FDA is investigating complaints that “serious adverse events” have been “linked to inaccurate performance” of the devices. According to the FDA, 18 deaths in 2014 and 2015 were linked to possibly faulty readings. The manufacturer, Alere, has recalled some of its INRatio and INRatio2 devices because of concern over adverse event reports. Keep and eye on this developing story.
March 16, 2016
In recognition of the heroin epidemic sweeping the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention yesterday issued guidelines for the prescription of opiate pain medications. It is widely believed that many current heroin users became addicted to opiates which were legally prescribed for them. When they could no longer obtain a prescription for opiates or no longer obtain them in the amount they needed to satisfy their addiction, or sometimes because they just could not afford prescription medication any longer, they turned to cheaper and readily available heroin. Until recently, there had been some research which suggested that long-term use of opiates was not dangerous. Manufacturers of opiate painkillers such as Oxycontin and Oxycodone used this to encourage doctors to freely prescribe opiates for their patients who complained of pain. The consequences of readily available opiates has been disastrous. The new CDC recommendations are based on the recognition that the risks of long-term use of these drugs greatly outweigh the benefits, except in the case of intractable cancer pain or end of life use. The CDC recommends that doctors prescribing opiates for pain prescribe the lowest possible dose for the shortest possible time.
March 1, 2016
From time to time we have blogged on the subject of prostate cancer and the difficulty in distinguishing between slow growing cancer and the more aggressive form. If the cancer is slow growing, watchful waiting may be the best option for sparing the patient the difficult consequences of the primary treatments for prostate cancer. On the other hand, if the cancer is aggressive, waiting may reduce the likelihood of successfully treating the cancer when it is recognized as aggressive. New research suggests that there is a strong predictive relationship between low levels of Vitamin D and aggressive prostate cancer when the Vitamin D level is tested at the time of discovery of the cancer. High levels of Vitamin D at diagnosis make it more likely that the cancer is slow growing and that watchful waiting is an appropriate strategy.
If Vitamin D levels in men are low, they are at risk for a number of possible illnesses and conditions. Those of us who are fair skinned and enjoy an active outdoor lifestyle in Arizona are almost certainly in better shape than darker skinned males living in climates that keep them indoors during much of the winter. Best advice now is that everyone should have their Vitamin D levels checked and, if necessary, take supplements to reach appropriate levels.
February 27, 2016
A prestigious hospital in Boston, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, is parting the curtain of medical secrecy, if only a little bit. It has taken its formerly private safety blog public to discuss medical errors at the hospital. Once a month, the hospital will discuss an error which either led to a patient injury or just missed causing an injury. The goal is to increase transparency and improve health care outcomes. The hospital will select topics it thinks offer the best chance to prevent similar occurrences in the future. Here is a link. Kudos to the hospital for addressing these issues.
February 16, 2016
In our blog, I recently wrote about the pernicious effects of secrecy in medical malpractice settlements. I also recently wrote about a study by a prominent medical journal which found that a small number of physicians were responsible for a large number of malpractice claims. Now a neurosurgeon turned medical malpractice lawyer has offered his view that we must have transparency to identify these bad doctors and stop them from harming still more patients. Dr. Lawrence Schlachter, whose medical career was cut short by injury, has seen the problem of secrecy from both sides. As a surgeon, he saw occasional malpractice and but not speak up. He did not consider it to be a big problem. As an attorney assisting people injured by medical malpractice, however, he has been shocked at the number of doctors who will come into court and lie to protect themselves or the profession. This is not right or sustainable. As Dr. Schlachter says, “More must be done.”
February 10, 2016
The State of Maine is considering an innovative medical malpractice reform. Under the pending bill a panel of physicians would review malpractice claims and decide which ones are meritorious. Injured patients would no longer have to go to court. The premiums that doctors pay for malpractice insurance would go to fund the panel and pay what the panelists determine are legitimate claims. One argument for the change is that patients with smaller injuries can never find an attorney to bring their case because the cases cost so much to prosecute. In an unusual alliance, the Maine Medical Association, the Maine Trial Lawyers Association and the Medical Mutual Insurance Company of Maine, which handles most of the malpractice claims in the state, are all opposed to the bill. Stay tuned to see what happens.
February 5, 2016
There is a scandal brewing in the pharmaceutical world which may affect your health and that of your family. The same drive for as much profit as possible, which causes drug prices in the United States to be the highest in the world, is causing some businesses to buy companies producing important drugs. The drugs in question are usually not protected by a patent. They are generic drugs. Anyone can produce them. For that reason, they ought to be cheap. However, because they are usually for rare conditions for which there is not a great demand, often only one company produces the drug. This gives unscrupulous investors the opportunity to but that one company and raise prices on the life-saving drug, sometimes by a multiple of hundreds. Even assuming another company decides to begin producing the drug, it will take at least a year to get it to market. During that time our greedy friends have made millions. Martin Shkreli, who refused to testify before Congress earlier this week, is the poster boy for these guys. Watch this develop as public outrage over these rip off artists collides with politicians who get donations from Big Pharma and who don’t want to do anything to upset Big Pharma’s profit-making apple cart.
January 28, 2016
In an article published in today’s edition, the New England Journal of Medicine, one of the most prestigious medical journals in the world, reported that only 1% of the doctors were responsible for 33% of the amounts paid to settle medical malpractice claims in the United States between 2005 and 2014. We will be reporting on the important findings of this study by the medical profession itself in a post on our blog early next week.
January 18, 2016
When a patient suffers a traumatic brain injury (“TBI”), he or she is often at risk for a dangerous rise in intracranial pressure as the result of brain swelling. Brain swelling can reduce blood flow to parts of the brain resulting in permanent brain damage. At its worst, an increase in intracranial pressure can cause the brain to push its way out of the base of the skull, a usually fatal condition called brainstem herniation. While there are sensors which can monitor intracranial pressure, they are bulky and unwieldy. Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have developed wireless sensors which can be placed in the brain and which dissolve in a few days, after their work is done. Animal tests have been successful and the researchers are getting ready for tests in humans.
January 12, 2016
The wonders of genetic testing are about to get even more wonderful. Scientists and physicians have known for years that the blood of a cancer patient contains microscopic pieces of dead and dying cancer tumors. A new company is being formed to develop a relatively inexpensive blood test to detect these tiny markers long before conventional cancer testing can find them. The effort is promising enough that it has attracted major funding from Bill Gates and other sophisticated and knowledgeable investors. Here is a link to one story about the effort.
November 17, 2015
Back in August we reported the finding that hot sauce was could be good for your health, at least in the amounts used by regular people. Now there is news that another food favorite may be good for you. Researchers report that regular coffee drinking, even decaf, is correlated to a lower risk of death and disease. Researchers think it may be due to the presence of antioxidants in the coffee. The benefits were less in smokers but there is no surprise that the bad effects of smoking can outweigh pretty much anything else. So, coffee drinkers, have another cup and feel good about it.
November 16, 2015
A few years ago, we reported in our blog on the problems with PODS (“Physician Owned Distributorships”), companies formed by surgeons to sell to hospitals the medical equipment they intend to place into the bodies of their patients. The PODS gave the doctors a financial incentive to perform surgery and to place medical equipment the patients might not need. We reported that the Justice Department was investigating a California neurosurgeon suspected of performing unnecessary neurosurgery in an attempt to defraud the Medicare system. While PODS have not been in the news recently, that may change soon.
The Senate Finance Committee is holding hearings on PODS to determine, in their words, “Are they harmful to patients and payers?” One of the first witnesses invited to testify is Dr. Scott Lederhaus, president of the Association for Medical Ethics. Dr. Lederhaus has been a vocal critic of PODS and their role in turning surgeons into salespeople who make an added profit by buying the medical equipment at wholesale and selling it to the hospitals at retail. According to the Office of Inspector General, 20% of all spinal fusion operations in the United States in 2011 used POD implants. The Association for Medical Ethics asserts that PODS create conflicts of interest which contribute to the overuse of spine surgery. They say they want to expose PODS for what they are – “profit at the expense of patient care.” Stay tuned and be concerned if your surgeon owns a POD.
August 6, 2015
Have some hot sauce on that taco. On second thought, give me some on my Buffalo wings too. Another study, this one out of China, has shown that people who eat spicy foods have longer life spans, fewer cancers and less ischemic heart disease. Although the researchers don’t know for sure why this would be, they note that capsaicin, the active ingredient in peppers, has anti-inflammatory and anitoxidant properties. Here is a story with a link.
July 8, 2015
A Detroit doctor has pleaded guilty to federal fraud charges for billing insurance companies and Medicare millions of dollars for unnecessary cancer treatments for his patients. Patients and the families of patients are testifying at the penalty phase at which the judge will decide on his sentence. This physician violated his sacred oath by telling some patients they had cancer when they did not and by ordering costly and painful treatments for some patients who did have cancer but did not need the treatments. All for money. He was found out only when a young doctor saw one of his patients and correctly concluded that the patient had been diagnosed with non-existent cancer to justify high doses of expensive medication. The “fee for service” model under which a doctor gets paid for treating sick patients tempts some doctors to overtreat or overcharge. We need a different method of compensating doctors.
May 29, 2015
Availability of health care has become an even greater problem for rural Americans as more and more physicians choose to specialize and to practice in urban areas. More and more states are responding to this trend by allowing nurse practitioners greater freedom to practice medicine. Here is a good article on the subject from the New York Times. Not surprisingly, the authority granted to nurse practitioners has been fought by the doctors, who oppose it on the grounds that the nurse practitioners are not qualified to practice medicine without the supervision of a physician. While there may be some merit to this argument, it does nothing to address the fact that in many rural communities in which nurse practitioners live and work, there is no doctor to act as supervisor. The men and women who work as nurse practitioners are well-trained and the communities in which they live and work should not be deprived of medical care because doctors are concerned about losing income or power. If doctors are truly worried about the quality of care offered by nurse practitioners, there are ways to address it without harming poorly served communities.
April 24, 2015
Congratulations to the Wall Street Journal. It won a Pulitzer Prize for investigative journalism for its series “Medicare Unmasked.” We have covered parts of its investigative pieces in our blog over the last two years. The Journal went to court to force disclosure of Medicare payment information which the medical profession had been keeping secret since the 1970’s. The information the Journal has uncovered will help individual patients and will help make our Medicare system more transparent and less susceptible to fraud. The investigative pieces have uncovered doctor and hospital conduct which are both unethical and which are evidence of malpractice.
April 15, 2015
There is some disturbing news in a story from today’s Wall Street Journal about the indictment of a Florida doctor for Medicare fraud. The story discusses the problem of Medicare fraud and estimates it at 10% of all Medicare spending, or about $58 billion per year. Last year the government was only able to recover about $2.86 billion from Medicare fraudsters. Most of the fraud involves overcharges, fake patients and our old friend “medically unnecessary tests.” I am sure that, if you asked them, the fraudster doctors who were bilking Medicare for unnecessary tests would claim that they ordered them for fear of malpractice suits.
April 14, 2015
Although many people may not know it, there are vaccines against cancer. One of the most effective is the HPV vaccine which protects against cancers caused by human papillomavirus. These cancers include cervical, vaginal and anal cancers in women. The virus also causes cancers in men including penile, anal, mouth and throat cancers. Lastly, the virus causes genital warts in both men and women. Until recently the focus of health authorities has been on getting pre-teen girls vaccinated. Now the focus has been broadened to include boys 11 and 12.
The vaccine is safe and effective. What kind of a no brainer is it to prevent cancer. As parents we owe our children the best possible futures. Get your child, boy or girl, vaccinated against HPV.
March 30, 2015
As is the case in most other states, Wisconsin is reporting another drop in the number of medical malpractice cases being filed. Only 84 were filed in 2014 compared to 294 in 1999 and 140 in 2013. Profits for medical malpractice insurers in Wisconsin are soaring and have been since 2005. At the same time, doctors are getting large reductions in malpractice premiums. Observers attribute the drop in suits and the high insurance company profits to roadblocks which have been erected to keep injured patients from recovering when they have been the victims of medical malpractice. Significantly, none of this good fortune for doctors and their insurers appears to be translating into lower health care costs for the public.
March 20, 2015
The attitudes of juries in Arizona toward medical malpractice cases may be changing slowly but surely. Doctors and hospitals still win almost 90% of the malpractice cases which go to trial but in the last couple of weeks there have been some victories for injured patients. In Phoenix a jury awarded $5M in a medical malpractice case and in Tucson a jury just awarded $6.5M for the death of a patient. Stay tuned.
February 3, 2015
In 1979 the American Medical Association went to court to prevent the federal government from revealing to the public how much Medicare pays to doctors. It sought and received an injunction which forced the government to keep the payment information a secret. In 2013, the Wall Street Journal challenged the injunction and got it lifted. The government then revealed the payment information for its most recent year. Not surprisingly, the data showed that some doctors were ripping off the system. The data formed the basis for a series of articles in the Journal about abuses which were costing taxpayers millions. Now the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the agency that runs Medicare, has committed to continue to disclose yearly payment information. While this may not seem like a big deal, it is. We have always recommended that patients be careful consumers of the services that hospitals and doctors are selling to them. In this connection, it is probably a good idea to see what your doctor gets paid by Medicare and have some concerns if he or she is collecting an amount out of proportion to what similar doctors in the area are charging.
December 10, 2014
We spend more on breast cancer treatment annually in the United States than on any other form of cancer treatment. Today the emphasis is on breast sparing treatments for early stage breast cancer. The recommendations are for women who have undergone breast conserving surgery such as a lumpectomy to receive whole breast irradiation following surgery.
In 2011, the American Society for Radiation Oncology endorsed practice guidelines for whole breast irradiation. They recommended that certain women undergo a shortened, less-expensive, whole breast radiation treatment with no loss in effectiveness. They stated that the data permitted other women with early stage breast cancer to undergo the shorter radiation treatment, also with no loss of effectiveness. Today, in a study published on line by the Journal of the American Medical Association (“JAMA”), the authors found that, despite these guidelines, most eligible women were not receiving the shorter course but were getting a longer, more expensive course with no appreciable additional health benefit. The article can be found here.
The authors conclude that despite the practice guidelines, we are spending way more than we should on post-surgery radiation treatment. Too many women are still receiving more expensive care which lasts longer and which offers no health or other benefits. The authors do not explore why the medical profession continues to perform what appears to be more expensive but unnecessary treatment on these patients.
November 20, 2014
Skin cancers are a particular problem here in Arizona where we have so many sunny days and receive more direct rays from the sun than many other states. Skin cancers account for nearly half of all cancer diagnoses. Melanomas are the most aggressive of the skin cancers and account for nearly 75% of deaths attributable to skin cancers, even though they make up far less than 50% of skin cancer diagnoses. Importantly, nearly all skin cancers can be cured if detected and treated early enough. Everyone, but especially those of us who have lived in Arizona and enjoyed its great outdoors for many years, should be vigilant about watching for changes which might mean the presence of skin cancer.
Any skin change, especially a change in a mole, may be a sign of skin cancer. Dermatologists use the ABCD method to distinguish melanomas from other skin conditions. A is for asymmetry; does the lesion have an uneven shape? B is for border; does the lesion have an irregular border? C is for color; does the lesion have uneven colors? D is for diameter; is the lesion greater than 6mm in diameter? Positive responses to these questions are concerning for melanoma.
All this is information which has been with us for quite a while. What is new is the rise of Apps which claim to be able to identify cancerous skin lesions. Unfortunately, the reviews concerning these Apps are not very favorable. While they can and do sometimes identify problem lesions, they sometimes misidentify a malignant lesion as benign. The consequences can be life threatening. Don’t rely on an App to tell you whether a suspicious growth is cancerous or not.
There is no substitute for vigilance. If you see a suspicious growth or change, get to a dermatologist for a professional opinion and a possible biopsy. If you do all that and are misdiagnosed, call us. We have represented a number of clients whose biopsies were misinterpreted or who were told that a melanoma was nothing but a wart. It is sad and rare but it does happen. If it does, we may be able to help.
November 12, 2014
While tragic, the manner of death of Joan Rivers should come as no surprise to anyone familiar with the statistics surrounding medical mistakes. Medical mistakes are the third leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for between 200,000 and 400,000 deaths per year. The exact number is not clear due to the fact that doctors and hospitals rarely publish data about how many of their patients die from preventable medical errors.
Older Americans, such as Ms. Rivers, are at greater risk of death due to medical mistakes because they take more medications, have more chronic health issues, have more hospital stays and undergo more medical procedures. With so many people being killed each year, common sense says that eventually someone famous will die due to a preventable medical error.
One of the noteworthy results of the investigation into the death of Ms. Rivers was the sheer number of medical mistakes which were made in her case. There were at least five major errors reported. Not all of them contributed to death in her case but there were certainly a lot of them for what was considered to be a high end medical practice catering to the rich and famous. You can only imagine what the poor and unknown get by way of medical care.
October 31, 2014
In 2006, nearly 65% of Americans supported the idea that the federal government had a responsibility to make sure that all Americans had health insurance. Today only half do. According to a paper which appeared earlier this week in the New England Journal of Medicine, the loss of support is almost certainly the direct result of negative ads pummeling the Affordable Care Act, aka Obamacare. From its inception through the beginning of 2014, over $445 million was spent on ads attacking the Affordable Care Act. Furthermore, just between August 1 and September 11, 2014, 37,544 anti-ACA ads ran. That is a lot of negative advertising and, despite Americans general dislike of negative advertising, it works. If the Act gets rolled back in whole or in part, look for fewer to be insured. This means that more hospitals and doctors will be stuck with bills their patients cannot pay. Of course, doctors and hospitals will not go out of business; they will simply increase what they charge those of us with insurance to cover the unpaid bills.
August 22, 2014
A surgeon in Canada has developed a “black box”, similar in concept to the data recorders carried in all airliners today. The device will record what happens in the operating room and alert the surgeon if he or she begins to deviate from best practices or makes certain errors. It uses video and audio recording and monitors such things as what instruments are used, how they are used and group dynamics among the operating room team. A link to a news article about the device can be found here.
Look for the medical profession to resist its adoption unless the information recorded is able to be kept secret from the patient and from regulators. In the view of the medical profession, patients should know no more than their doctors are willing to tell them. If you have ever been injured in a surgery or by what you think is a medical mistake, you have undoubtedly had a great deal of difficulty trying to find out what happened. The cone of silence drops down and no one wants to discuss why you were injured. While doctors work hard to keep their mistakes secret, they complain about “frivolous malpractice suits” that seek to hold them accountable.
August 9, 2014.
Diabetes is a serious and growing health problem in this country and throughout the world. Type 1 diabetes, which used to be called Juvenile Diabetes, is on the rise for reasons which are not clear to health care professionals. Type 2 diabetes is also on the rise but its rise is linked, at least in part, to rising rates of obesity. While much time and money is being devoted to curing diabetes, for those who are afflicted with it, the watchword is control. It is extremely important that patients control their blood sugars. The results of failure to control may not appear for years but when they do, they are usually irreversible. The results include circulation problems, blindness, kidney failure, limb amputation, heart disease, stroke, neuropathies and many more.
As if we needed more proof of the effects of income disparity, a recent study has shown that diabetics living in lower income areas are more likely to lose limbs to the disease than diabetics living in more affluent areas. A report of the study can be found here. If you have diabetes, regardless of where you live, seek out treatment and control your blood glucose levels. If a friend or a loved one has diabetes, urge them to seek treatment. Left untreated or poorly controlled, diabetes kills in a lengthy and most unpleasant way.
The Commonwealth Fund is a charitable foundation dedicated to the improvement of health care in the United States. On a regular basis, it examines the state of health care in this country and compares it to outcomes and physician and patient satisfaction in other developed countries. As has been the case since it began issuing these reports, the news is not good. Its most recent report, which can be found here, reports that, although the most expensive in the world, health care in the United States underperforms on most measures compared to the other developed countries in its survey. The United States fails to achieve better health care outcomes and is last or nearly last in access, efficiency and equity. In the most recent report, the United Kingdom ranks first with Switzerland a close second. Even if we were not spending more than everyone else on health care, we as a nation deserve better than this.
The Wall Street Journal has some good advice for you: Check your medical records. According to the Journal, studies show that as many as 95% of patient charts have errors in medication lists. This can be a big problem as doctors may prescribe medications which duplicate the features of medications which their patients are taking but which are not listed in the patient’s chart. Or the doctor may prescribe a medication which interferes with a medication the patient is taking. On the other hand, a doctor may fail to order a medication in the mistaken belief that the patient is still taking it when the patient has actually stopped the medication. Lots of possibliities and lots of problems. As usual, the problems are greatest for seniors, the group which takes the most medications. Some doctors and health groups are giving their patients on line access to medication lists. If your doctor does, take advantage of it to make sure your doctor has a accurate medication list for you. If your doctor does not, at least tell him or her that you would like to compare your actual list with the list the doctor has.
Here are some interesting but somewhat contradictory findings about when to have your surgery. A study which was published last year in the British Medical Journal reported that the best surgical outcomes were associated with Monday surgeries and that they declined over the course of the week with the worst outcomes being associated with weekend surgeries. http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f2424 By contrast, a recent study on the subject of coronary artery bypass surgery found that outcomes for patients deteriorated if the surgeon had not operated on the preceding day or over the weekend or while on vacation. http://chess.uchicago.edu/events/documents/SurgeonHumanCapital_000.pdf At least according to these researchers, Monday surgery was associated with a small but statistically significant increase in patient mortality. There is already strong statistical proof that the more frequently a surgeon performs a procedure, the better the patient outcome. Maybe Tuesday surgery with a busy surgeon is the best choice, assuming your surgeon is not just returning from vacation.
A new report prepared by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation addresses the issue of errors in diagnosis. http://www.rwjf.org/content/dam/farm/reports/issue_briefs/2014/rwjf412685 It points out that, while errors in diagnosis are the leading cause by far of malpractice claims, the problem of errors in diagnosis is routinely ignored by policymakers and administrators attempting to improve quality and patient health. It offers a number of explanations for this paradox and a number of solutions as well. We will be discussing the issue in more detail in our blog in the next few days.
Medication errors are one of the most frequent causes of injuries in hospitals. To their credit, hospitals are constantly trying to improve their medication administration systems and achieve greater patient safety. A new article in the journal, Drug Safety, surveys these efforts. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24760475 Among the more effective stategies were automated drug dispensing, computerized physician order entry, barcode assisted medication administration, nursing education using simulation, and clinical pharmacist-led training. Better and safer medication administration is a good thing for hospitals and their patients.
Even Alex Rodriguez has been the victim of medical malpractice, at least according to him. Mr. Rodriquez, who has been banned from baseball for the 2014 season, claims that a New York Yankees doctor and a prominent New York hospital failed to properly diagnose a torn labrum and cleared him to resume playing, which, he alleges, caused him to suffer additional damage to his hip. The case is in the news most recently as Mr. Rodriguez does not wish to have his upcoming deposition videotaped. http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/i-team/a-rod-filmed-prez-lawyers-article-1.1727500 He claims it would cause unreasonable annoyance, embarrassment and disadvantage. No word on exactly why Mr. Rodriguez should be treated differently than any other person who brings a medical malpractice claim and whose deposition can be videotaped.
Discouraged by years of legislative inaction, a group of California consumers has filed petitions to put California’s caps on medical malpractice awards for non-economic injury on the ballot this year. The caps were enacted in the 1970’s in response to what was claimed to be a medical malpractice insurance crisis. They limit non-economic damages to $250,000. If your child is killed by a medical error, your only damages are non-economic and $250,000 is the most you can get. Regardless of what may or may not have been the merit of capping these damages in the 1970’s, the amount has not been raised in 40 years and $250,000 doesn’t buy what it used to when the caps were put in place. Senator Barbara Boxer of California recently announced her support for raising the caps. All the usual warriors are involved in this battle so be sure to stay tuned.
An article in the April issue of The American Journal of Clinical Pathology reports some disturbing news. When pathology trainees and pathology faculty in Texas were presented with 10 actual closed cases of medical malpractice involving pathology issues, fully half of the respondents were unable to recognize the existence of malpractice. On top of that, they were unable to successfully predict what conduct the juries would identify as malpractice and what they would not. If pathologists cannot agree what constitutes good practice of pathology, we should be concerned about the accuracy of their interpretations.
Last week the Florida Supreme Court declared that the state’s caps on non-economic damages in medical malpractice cases were unconstitutional. The Court held that the caps violated the equal protection clause in the Florida state constitution. The caps were enacted in 2003 in the hope that they would keep down malpractice verdicts and make malpractice insurance more affordable for the state’s doctors. Whether caps achieve that goal has been a hotly debated issue across the country with little good proof that they do. In any event, they won’t be available in Florida barring a change in the state’s constitution.
Here is something refreshing. It is an article by a physician pointing out how payments for medical malpractice have been decreasing for years as have the costs of malpractice insurance. He concludes that whatever may be responsible for the dramatic rise in the cost of health care in this country, it isn’t lawyers pushing frivolous malpractice suits. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-belk/medical-malpractice-costs_b_4171189.html
Medical malpractice comes in many forms. A story today from Mississippi highlights this fact. Hospice officials called the coroner to tell him that an elderly man in their care had passed away. Employees of the coroner’s office came, placed the body in a bag, and removed it to the coroner’s office. In the embalming room at the coroner’s office, someone observed that the bag was moving and it looked like the deceased was kicking against it. Lo and behold, the man was still alive. The moral of the story is just because someone tells you that you are dead, doesn’t necessarily make it so. Get a second opinion.
The use of CT scans has exploded over the past 15 years. CT scans provide more information to doctors than do regular x-rays but at a price. Not only are they more expensive than plain film x-rays, they deliver up to 100 times the amount of radiation that a regular x-ray does. Studies have shown that this additional radiation, especially when directed to the abdominal and pelvic areas, produces an increased number of cancer cases. More and more often doctors are being urged to avoid ordering a CT scan without considering carefully whether it is truly necessary. Studies suggest that through a careful history and a thorough examination, doctors can distinguish between those patients who need a CT and those in whom it might be helpful but not necessary. Anything doctors can do to reduce the amount of radiation to which their patients are exposed will be helpful.
The next time someone says we should abolish or limit medical malpractice suits, remember these figures: In 1999, the landmark study “To Err Is Human” estimated that up to 98,000 people die in hospitals the United States each year due to medical mistakes. In 1999 this was big news. In 2010, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services reported that up to 180,000 patients died each year due to poor hospital care – and this figure was limited to Medicare patients only. Now a study in the Journal of Patient Safety estimates the annual toll of hospital deaths due to avoidable medical mistakes at 210,000 to 440,000 people. If this is true, it makes preventable hospital errors the third leading cause of death in America after heart disease and cancer. Instead of sweeping these unnecessary deaths under the rug and pretending everything is peachy, we ought to be demanding changes to our health care system.
For the second time in a year a hospital has exposed its patients to an incurable disease because it did not properly sterilize the equipment it used in surgery. http://www.cnn.com/2014/02/10/health/north-carolina-creutzfeldt-jakob/ Neurosurgeons at the hospital operated on a patient with a variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, an incurable and serious neurological condition. In both this case and the previous one, the hospital sterilized the surgical tools which had been used by conventional means. Unfortunately, routine sterilization techniques do not kill the biological material which transmits the disease from person to person. The need for special sterilization procedures when dealing with a known or suspected case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is well-known in the medical community. In the recent North Carolina case, the neurosurgeons knew that the patient upon whom they were operating might have the disease and the surgical equipment used in his surgery should have received the special sterilization treatment but did not. The hospital believes that 18 patients may have been exposed to the disease through use of the contaminated instruments and is in the process of notifying them. Needless to say, this sort of thing just should not happen – ever.
As life expectancies grow and as the cost of medical care continues to spiral up with no leveling off point in sight, it becomes increasingly important to take into account the cost of medical care in retirement planning. A recent round table in the Wall Street Journal’s on line edition provided some food for thought on the subject and is worth a read. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204002304576626661825344084.html
For years we have been told that earlier detection of cancer leads to a better chance for a cure. Now it turns out this may not be true. Recent studies of survival among breast, lung and prostate cancer patients have not shown any longer survival for those who were diagnosed early. Just why these early diagnosis patients are not living longer than those diagnosed later is unclear and is probably a result of how little we really know about cancer. It may simply be that our current tests are not good enough to find cancer when it can still be successfully treated. It may be related to our difficulty in distinguishing between slow growing cancers and those which are fast growing and deadly. It may be something else entirely. In our blog, we discussed the new findings about prostate cancer on September 23 and on October 28 the new findings about lung cancer.
Last year there wasn’t a single fatal airline accident in the developed world. Unlike the airline industry, however, our health care system kills over a hundred thousand people each year. This article argues for transparency about medical errors as a way to reduce injuries arising from medical negligence.
A story from last year in which the author went looking for stories about frivolous malpractice suits. What she found instead was horror story after horror story about our health care system.
An article exploring the myths about malpractice reform and the claims that further limiting patient rights would reduce health care costs.
For all the talk about frivolous suits being the cause of increasing health care costs, the actual forces driving up costs are more closely linked to increasingly sophisticated technology, physicians performing unnecessary procedures and fraud. The Wall Street Journal has been investigating some of the factors driving up costs. Here are a couple of recent articles from the series.
The Institute of Medicine, established by the National Academy of Sciences, to serve as a national adviser on health issues, performed an exhaustive study of the health care system in the United States entitled, “To Err is Human, Building a Safer Health System.” The study was published in November of 1999. It documented the staggering number of deaths which occur each year due to preventable medical errors. Here is a link to the study.
The New England Journal of Medicine, one of the most respected medical journals in the United States, conducted an investigation into closed insurance company files to see if it were true that there were frivolous lawsuits which were taking money from doctors. What they found was quite different. While there were some suits which did not have merit, those suits usually resulted in no payment to the claimant. On the other hand, many patients with valid claims got no payment. Insurance companies fought long and hard against valid claims. The study concluded that claims of a system stricken with frivolous suits were overblown. The authors also concluded that the huge sums spent by insurers in fighting legitimate claims were a burden on the system.
Wall Street Journal report of survey of hospital nurses showing communications errors, medical shortcuts, incompetence and disrespect leading to patient injuries or near misses.
Consumer advocacy group, Public Citizen, reports that state medical boards often fail to take action against doctors who have been disciplined by the hospitals at which they practice. Many of the doctors getting off with no discipline by the state medical board had been sued multiple times for malpractice, including a New Mexico doctor with 26 cases and an Indiana physician with 20.
The Wall Street Journal reports on a survey of hospital nurses showing communication errors, medical shortcuts, incompetence and disrespect lead to patient injuries or near misses.